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Related to Sex chromosomes: DNA, Down syndrome, Multiple alleles

SEX. The physical difference between male and female in animals.
     2. In the human species the male is called man, (q.v.) and the female, woman. (q.v.) Some human beings whose sexual organs are somewhat imperfect, have acquired the name of hermaphrodite. (q.v.)
     3. In the civil state the sex creates a difference among individuals. Women cannot generally be elected or appointed to offices or service in public capacities. In this our law agrees with that of other nations. The civil law excluded women from all offices civil or public: Faemintae ab omnibus officiis civilibus vel publicis remotae sunt. Dig. 50, 17, 2. The principal reason of this exclusion is to encourage that modesty which is natural to the female sex, and which renders them unqualified to mix and contend with men; the pretended weakness of the sex is not probably the true reason. Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 5; Wood's Inst. 12; Civ. Code of Louis. art. 24; 1 Beck's Med. Juris. 94. Vide Gender; Male; Man; Women; Worthiest of blood.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mark and his parents learned that Klinefelter syndrome (47,XXY) is the most common of the sex chromosome aneuploidy conditions.
The independent origins of multiple sex chromosomes via centric fusion involving a cryptic Y chromosome in the widely divergent Megupsilon and Garmanella suggests that cryptic male heterogamety (XY) might have characterized the most-recent common ancestor of the Cyprinodontina.
Females are heterogametic (Z0 or WZ) and males are homogametic (ZZ), although sporadic rearrangements created multiple sex chromosome systems in some species (Traut et al.
In chapters seven and eight she examines how this body of work was, in turn, incorporated into scientific studies of the sex chromosomes in the 1990s.
vladykovi in which sex chromosomes were unreported (Esmaeili et al.
Echoing the anthropologist Emily Martin's earlier research on egg and sperm, and how scientific accounts of these cells reproduce cultural stereotypes about gender, Richardson launches her study with a description of three gendered tropes in the popular and scientific literature on sex chromosomes.
Moreover, there is no evidence that alternative forms of sex chromosomes for either species are functioning autosomally.
64) initially used a training panel and then a retrospective blinded study to develop a more refined approach that addressed GC sequencing bias in the sex chromosomes.
Except for the sex chromosomes, everyone has two copies of each chromosome.
Chromosomal breaks and/or gaps affecting autosomes and sex chromosomes were seen in 5 of a total of 14 cases.
Sex chromosomes were of primary interest:, as they are most susceptible to disomy; however, 1818 disomy was also evaluated as a second-ary outcome.
Among this year's topics are the genomic enzymology of antibiotic resistance, the evolution of sex chromosomes in insects, principles and mechanisms of protein homeostasis and the phenotype manifestation of genetic diversity, the challenge to understanding the genetics of arbuscular mycorrhiza, genome analysis in the domestic dog, and circadian control of global gene expression patterns.