Sex

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SEX. The physical difference between male and female in animals.
     2. In the human species the male is called man, (q.v.) and the female, woman. (q.v.) Some human beings whose sexual organs are somewhat imperfect, have acquired the name of hermaphrodite. (q.v.)
     3. In the civil state the sex creates a difference among individuals. Women cannot generally be elected or appointed to offices or service in public capacities. In this our law agrees with that of other nations. The civil law excluded women from all offices civil or public: Faemintae ab omnibus officiis civilibus vel publicis remotae sunt. Dig. 50, 17, 2. The principal reason of this exclusion is to encourage that modesty which is natural to the female sex, and which renders them unqualified to mix and contend with men; the pretended weakness of the sex is not probably the true reason. Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 5; Wood's Inst. 12; Civ. Code of Louis. art. 24; 1 Beck's Med. Juris. 94. Vide Gender; Male; Man; Women; Worthiest of blood.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alterations in the normal pattern of reproductive development seen in some populations of wildlife have been linked to exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDs), which have been shown to mimic sex steroid hormones (1).
Gonad size, liver size, hepatic EROD activity and plasma sex steroid levels in white sucker.
In this study we evaluated the effect of manipulating the estrogen and androgen environment of the neonatal male rat on subsequent immunoexpression of sex steroid receptors in the seminal vesicles (SVs) at age 18 days.
Homeostasis could be disrupted by xenobiotic-induced alterations of sex steroid metabolizing cytochrome P450 enzymes.
Endogenous sex steroid hormones may have two broad categories of influence on physiologic systems: organization and activation (1,2).
In the present study, we characterized the sexual dimorphism of brain aromatase in medaka and its regulation by sex steroids. Our goal was to investigate sexual dimorphism in the activity of brain aromatase and to characterize the effect of exogenous sex steroids on that activity and on the reversal of sex phenotype.
Relationship between cellular DNA synthesis, PCNA expression and sex steroid hormone receptor status in the developing mouse ovary, uterus and oviduct.
However, the association between 25(OH)D levels of FF with sex steroid hormones and OS markers has not been investigated in normal and PCOS women.
Tsai and Liu (9) report that sex steroids have physiological effects on cartilage involvement, and Abu et al.
However, a descriptive study is required to understand the gonadal development and role of important sex steroids before designing a method to control occurrence of maturation in any species.
Hormone measurement of cortisol and sex steroids in blood plasma from this experiment and expression analysis of key male and female genes are underway, which should shed some light on why the experiment did not work as expected.