Shepardize


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Shepardize

n. a method of locating reports of appeals decisions based on prior precedents from Shepard's Citations, books which list the volume and page number of published reports of every appeals court decision which cites a previously decided case or a statute. Shepard's exists for all sets of reports of appeals cases, and is updated every month with supplemental booklets. While it looks like a mathematician's book of tables, Shepard's Citations is an invaluable tool in finding appeals decisions which either follow, distinguish or deviate from prior case law. (See: reports)

Shepardize

the exercise of using a proprietary system in the USA for ensuring that a case has not been overturned, criticized, or distinguished by subsequent court decisions and for finding additional cases that stand for the same legal principle, or address similar legal issues. It is therefore a form of CITATOR.
References in periodicals archive ?
They tell time using their Blackberries, they shepardize cases almost instantly on their computers, and they work as readily from home in their bathrobes as from the office.
One concrete reason given in the Rule II cases finding inadequate research is the failure to Shepardize or otherwise update.
The reason appears to be that any such study involves an almost inordinate amount of time to: (1) identify actual final rules published in a year, (2) review the regulatory provisions of each individual rule, and (3) "Shepardize" each regulatory provision affecting small entities for at least ten years.
Through lexisONE, users can also access the enhanced collection of LEXIS case law and the Shepard's citations service using a credit card system ($9 to conduct a case law search and $4 to "Shepardize" a citation).
(1.) One practitioner raises the following question: "why should I apply international human rights law, which I can't even shepardize and which I have trouble finding, in a lawsuit between Californians raising issues of California law?" He goes on, however, to discuss how human rights can be useful in promoting rights in state courts.
Also, the researcher needs to shepardize the potentially relevant authority.
The trained research staff can quickly locate cited cases, obtain copies of some product advertisements, Shepardize, find names and addresses of corporations and process services, compile statistics and bibliographies, and locate relevant newspaper and magazine articles.
6) Shepardize. You have to eliminate outdated law, and I recommend Shepardizing early, as soon as you find one or more cases which seem to have answered your question, whether pro or con.
Users can also Shepardize a case to research its positive and negative treatment and validate citation formats with Autocite.
Additionally, the courts have universally directed legal counsel to "Shepardize" their cases as a matter of "professional responsibility."
West has augmented LawTalk with voice macros containing regular WESTLAW commands (e.g., FIND, JUMP, Shepardize, Insta-Cite, and Scope).