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v. 1) to write one's signature on a document, including an "X" by an illiterate or physically impaired person, provided the mark is properly witnessed in writing as "Eddie Jones, his mark." An attorney-in-fact given authority to act for another person by a power of attorney may sign for the one giving the power, but should identify the signature as "by his attorney-in-fact, George Goodman." 2) to communicate by sign language. (See: mark, subscribe)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

SIGN, contracts, evidence. A token of anything; a note or token given without words.
     2. Contracts are express or implied. The express are manifested viva voce, or by writing; the implied are shown by silence, by acts, or by signs.
     3. Among all nations find and at all times, certain signs have been considered as proof of assent or dissent; for example, the nodding of the head, and the shaking of hands; 2 Bl. Com. 448; 6 Toull. D. 33; Heinnec., Antiq. lib. 3, t. 23, n. 19; silence and inaction, facts and signs are sometimes very strong evidence of cool reflection, when following a question. I ask you to lend me one hundred dollars, without saying a word you put your hand in your pocket, and deliver me the money. I go into a hotel and I ask the landlord if he can accommodate me and take care of my trunk; without speaking he takes it out of my hands and sends it into his chamber. By this act he doubtless becomes responsible to me as a bailee. At the expiration of a lease, the tenant remains in possession, without any objection from the landlord; this may be fairly interpreted as a sign of a consent that the lease shall be renewed. 13 Serg. & Rawle, 60.
     4, The learned author of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, in his 44th chapter, remarks, "Among savage nations, the want of letters is imperfectly supplied by the use of visible signs, which awaken attention, and perpetuate the remembrance of any public or private transaction. The jurisprudence of the first Romans exhibited the scenes of a pantomime; the words were adapted to the gestures, and the slightest error or neglect in the forms of proceeding was sufficient to annul the substance of the fairest claim. The communion of the marriage-life was denoted by the necessary elements of fire and water: and the divorced wife resigned, the bunch of keys, by the delivery of which she had been invested with the government of the family. The manumission of a son, or a slave, was performed by turning him round with a gentle blow on the cheek: a work was prohibited by the casting of a stone; prescription was interrupted by the breaking of a branch; the clenched fist was the symbol of a pledge or deposits; the right hand was the gift of faith and confidence. The indenture of covenants was a broken straw; weights and, scales were introduced into every payment, and the heir who accepted a testament, was sometimes obliged to snap his fingers, to cast away his garments, and to leap and dance with real or affected transport. If a citizen pursued any stolen goods into a neighbor's house, he concealed his nakedness with a linen towel, and hid his. face with a mask or basin, lest he should encounter the eyes of a virgin or a matron. In a civil action, the plaintiff touched the ear of his witness seized his reluctant adversary by the neck and implored, in solemn lamentation, the aid of his fellow citizens. The two competitors grasped each other's hand, as if they stood prepared for combat before the tribunal of the praetor: he commanded them to produce the object of the dispute; they went, they returned with measured steps, and a clod of earth was cast at his feet to represent the field for which they contended. This occult science of the words and actions of law, was the inheritance of the pontiffs and patricians. Like the Chaldean astrologers, they announced to their clients the days of business and repose; these important trifles wore interwoven with the religion of Numa; and, after the publication of the Twelve Tables, the Roman people were still enslaved by the ignorance of judicial proceedings. The treachery of some plebeian officers at length revealed the profitable mystery: in a more enlightened age, the legal actions were derided and observed; and the same antiquity which sanctified the practice, obliterated the use and meaning, of this primitive language."

SIGN, measures. In angular measures, a sign is equal to thirty degrees. Vide Measure.

SIGN, mer. law. A board, tin or other substance, on which is painted the name and business of a merchant or tradesman.
     2. Every man has a right to adopt such a sign as he may please to select, but he has no right to use another's name, without his consent. See Dall. Dict. mot Propriete Industrielle, and the article Trade marks.

TO SIGN. To write one's name to an instrument of writing in order to give the effect intended; the name thus written is called a signature.
     2. The signature is usually made at the bottom of the instrument but in wills it has been held that when a testator commenced his will With these words;, "I, A B, make this my will," it was a sufficient signing. 3 Lev. 1; and vide Rob. on Wills, 122 1 Will. on Wills, 49, 50; Chit. Cont. 212 Newl. Contr. 173; Sugd. Vend. 71; 2 Stark. Ev. 605, 613; Rob. on Fr. 121; but this decision is said to be absurd. 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 278, n. 16. Vide Merl. Repert. mot Signature, for a history of the origin, of signatures; and also 4 Cruise, Dig. h.t. 32, c. 2, s. 73, et seq.; see, generally, 8 Toull. n. 94-96; 1 Dall. 64; 5 Whart. R. 386; 2 B. & P 238; 2 M. & S. 286.
     3. To sign a judgment, is to enter a judgment for want of something which was required to be done; as, for example, in the English practice, if he who is bound to give oyer does not give it within the time required, in such cases, the adverse party may sign judgment against him. 2 T. R. 40; Com. Dig. Pleader, P 1; Barnes, 245.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Caribbean scholar Jan Carew has defined the West African trickster figure--the cosmological source for both the African American and West Indian modern tricksters (the Signifyin' Monkey and Anancy the Spider, respectively)--as the "archetypal middle-man," "part saint, part trickster," who "periodically renewed contact with communal wellsprings of rhythm, creation and life" (1988, 91).
I was just fatting asleep when Boog blurted out, "Signifyin' monkey."
Another provocative figure in the play, And Bigger and Bigger and Bigger, demonstrates Parks's concomitant awareness of the unruly effects of confronting stereotype through declining and signifyin'. And Bigger embodies a stereotype steeped in the contradictory images of the black male, seen as capable of horrid violence, yet also often seen as abject and passive.
This holistic view of literature is not, it must be said, always evident in The Stepmother Tongue: "The twentieth century's dominant literary genre" is not prose fiction but, undoubtedly, oral poetry, and by marginalizing the central expressive form in non-Western culture, he reduces Henry Louis Gates's concept of African Americans "signifyin'" through parody, mimicry, or ridicule to a stump of purely literary expression.
in a popular folk character known as "the signifyin' monkey".
We must now proceed to fill the empty space in representation with movies about the deeply complicated and brilliant black men that populate the African American narrative tradition, be that tradition expressed as signifyin', barbershop ruminations, street corner stories, or literary production.
In other words, the texts to these songs accentuate the falsetto - a vocal technique that might well have been unrecognizable in Mayfield's earlier lovesongs - and allow it to come into its own as a particular rhetorical style, chosen among others, for what Henry Louis Gates would call its "signifyin'" power.
He used the term "signifyin' " to represent African and African-American literary history as a continuing reflection and reinterpretation of what has gone before.
10 Gates's "Signifyin'" and Awkward's "denigration" are first of all general linguistic practices and only secondarily literary techniques.
Although many of the texts that Merritt analyzes are fine examples of the state of Pinter criticism, they are--like the great majority of critical texts, of course--fundamentally inessential to understanding the practice, the landscape, the "stakes" of criticism more generally Surely an ethnography of criticism might more directly have confronted the texts that challenge and redefine critical activity, texts which are read across the subfields of literary study: Stanley Fish on Milton, Henry Louis Gates on signifyin', Stephen Greenblatt on 1 Henry IV, Teresa de Lauretis on film, Fredric Jameson on Adorno, Jerome McGann on Byron, Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick on sexuality and representation, and so forth.