sample

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sample

noun archetype, case in point, cross section, documentum, ensample, example, exemplar, exemplification, exemplum, guide, illustration, instance, model, original, paradigm, prototype, representation, representative, reppesentative selection, showpiece, specimen, standard of comparison, swatch, typical example
See also: case, check, cross section, example, exemplary, illustration, instance, model, paradigm, partake, pattern, poll, prototype, representative, specimen

sample (sale by, implied term)

a contract of sale is a sale by sample where there is an express or implied term to that effect in the contract. Where there is a sale by sample there is an implied condition:
  1. (1) that the bulk will correspond with the sample in quality;
  2. (2) that the buyer will have a reasonable opportunity of comparing the bulk with the sample;
  3. (3) that the goods will be free from any defect, rendering them unacceptable, which would not be apparent on reasonable examination of the sample.

If a sale is by sample as well as by description, it is not sufficient that the bulk corresponds with the sample if the goods do not also correspond with the description. It is the duty of the seller to make the sample available to the buyer for comparison.

SAMPLE, contracts. A small quantity of any commodity or merchandise, exhibited as a specimen of a larger quantity called the bulk. (q.v.)
     2. When a sale is made by sample, and it afterwards turns out that the bulk does not correspond with it, the purchaser is not, in general, bound to take the property on a compensation being made to him for the difference. 1 Campb. R. 113; vide 2 East, 314; 4, Campb. R. 22; 12 Wend. 566 9 Wend. 20; 6 Cowen, 354; 12 Wend. 413. See 5 John. R. 395.

References in periodicals archive ?
006 in terms of the design effect and resultant increase in sample size required for a cluster sample to achieve the same level of power as a simple random sample has been illustrated.
3) Estimates are from Hodges and others (1984) because the original plot selection was based on a stratified sample with optimum allocation of effort which would cause a simple random sample analysis to be biased.
These analyses can even be obtained when data are collected from a sample that is not a simple random sample from the population, meaning that survey weightings must be used.
A simple random sample (SRS) of size n consists of n individuals from the population chosen in such a way that every set of n individuals has an equal chance to be the sample actually selected.
The precision of simple random sample estimates with both n (number of random samples) and v' (number of random samples plus the number of adaptive network samples, not edge units) was contrasted with that of the adaptive estimators described above.
Because the complex probability procedures used in large-scale surveys to obtain a representative sample of the target population do not result in a simple random sample, the consequences of these procedures on statistical inferences must be taken into account (Johnson, & Elliott, 1998).
The new design is a stratified, simple random sample of worksites, clustered by UI account number.
Estimates of e-commerce retail sales are based on a stratified simple random sample of more thann 12,000 retail firms, whose sales are then weighted and benchmarked to represent the complete universe of more than 2 million retail firms.
Thus, cluster sampling is usually more efficient than simple random sampling when the population to be sampled is scattered over a wide area and considerable travel costs would be involved in drawing the simple random sample.
Sample selection is assumed here to be pps, such that the sample may be viewed as a simple random sample of monetary units.
The ratio of this sampling variance to the variance that would have been obtained if a simple random sample had been used is known as the design effect.

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