Single European Act

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Single European Act (SEA)

a foundation treaty in the law of the EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES. It became effective as at 1 July 1987 and provided for a timetable for the completion of the free market, an extension of the use of qualified majority voting and foreshadowed the existence of a treaty on economic and monetary union. It also made provision for inclusion in the Communities' treaties of sections dealing with the environment and economic and social cohesion. It also provided for the EUROPEAN COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE and formally recognized the EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT and the COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION.
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Created by the Single European Act, its function is to provide the EU a way to develop projects that promote economic and social cohesion.
The 1987 Single European Act made it possible for regulatory measures to be passed by qualified majority voting in the then EC, despite opposition from a minority of Member States.
In 1987 the Single European Act amended the Treaty of Rome to include a section on the environment thereby establishing the legal status of the EC environmental policy.
The Single European Act, which was signed in 1986, was the first major revision of the Treaty of Rome.
The Single European Act of 1986 outlines the objectives of EC92.
However, integration in the wake of the Single European Act, the ratification of the December 1988 UN Drug Convention, declarations of cooperation at the Group of Seven (G-7) Summits, and other developments are likely to cause dynamic legislative and regulatory activity in the EC in the fight against illicit narcotics trafficking.
The structure has not been rigid but has been and continues to be adapted to new demands both as a result of judgments of the Court and formal amendments to the Rome Treaty, as indicated by the recently adopted Single European Act of 1985.
Part of that glamour died in the 1990s: the Single European Act ended passport stamps and airports became giant shopping malls.
The Single European Act entered into force on 1 July 1987, facilitating the completion of the Single Market.
A quarter of a century ago Europe's leaders agreed on the Single European Act, creating the free movement of goods, services, capital and labour, to the benefit of European citizens everywhere.
Whereas the Single European Act was about the internal market, Maastricht was about Economic and Monetary Union and Nice was about enlargement, Lisbon is about creating a more democratic union.
Heath refused a referendum over accession to Europe, Thatcher refused a referendum over the Single European Act, Major refused a referendum over the Maastricht Treaty and, tellingly, Cameron has repeatedly refused to commit to a referendum on the Lisbon Treaty if he ever won an election.

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