Single European Act


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Single European Act (SEA)

a foundation treaty in the law of the EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES. It became effective as at 1 July 1987 and provided for a timetable for the completion of the free market, an extension of the use of qualified majority voting and foreshadowed the existence of a treaty on economic and monetary union. It also made provision for inclusion in the Communities' treaties of sections dealing with the environment and economic and social cohesion. It also provided for the EUROPEAN COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE and formally recognized the EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT and the COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Single European Act also provided for a dichotomy of the EU legislative powers over the internal market, currently covered by Articles 114 and 115.
The member states, under the pressure and supervision of the EU institutions, have the responsibility for implementing micro and macro "reforms" necessary to pursue the objectives of high growth (at the beginning officially estimated at about 4 to 6 % in real terms) and peace, as stated in article 3 of the "Single European Act" (Single European Act 1987).
The effort continued with the creation of the Common Market in 1959; the expansion of that market to include newly democratic nations in southern Europe; the Single European Act, assuring free movement of people as well as goods; further extension of the European Union to former communist nations; the Schengen agreement, which removed many border controls within the Continent; and, of course, the creation of a common European currency.
Thatcher, after signing the Single European Act, went in the opposite direction and railed against socialism through the back door of Europe.
However, the Single European Act, which became effective in 1987, is intended to assist in the realization of that timetable.
Since the 1990s, North Shields has continued to evolve and change, and with the introduction of the Single European Act, from January 1993, citizens of EU countries have had a right to work here.
European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso contented himself with encouraging Council and Parliament to come to a decision as quickly as possible on the element of the Single European Act I.
In Europe, the British vision of liberalization also formed a crucial ingredient in the 1986 Single European Act, which was decisively influenced by Thatcher's appointment of Lord Cockfield as Britain's European Commissioner.
Specific criticisms of the book include: (1) Kondonassis refers to European Union as the European Economic Community (pages 40 to 44); (2) the analysis of the "Single European Act" appears to be ex-ante, though the act was implemented in 1992 and much of the liberalization and harmonization of standards, especially trade in goods has been completed.
Later, a conception of European citizenship played a central role in the launch of the Single European Act and the re-commitment to pursue European integration.
Treaty of Rome, Single European Act, Maastricht Treaty, Amsterdam Treaty, Lisbon Treaty, EFSF, EFSM, ESM, Fiscal Compact Treaty
The Single European Act in 1986 set a clear objective of completing the Single Market.

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