class

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Related to Social classes: middle class

class

n. in legal (not sociological) terms, all those persons in the same category, level of rights (e.g. heirs of dead person who are related by the same degree), or who have suffered from the same incident. Whether a person is part of a class is often crucial in determining who can sue on behalf of the people who have been similarly damaged or collect his/her share if a class action judgment is given. (See: class action)

class

noun assortment, bracket, branch, brand, breed, caste, category, classification, classis, denomination, division, echelon, genera, genre, genus, gradation, grade, group, grouping, hierarchy, ilk, kind, layer of society, order, ordo, place, position, rank, rating, sect, set, social rank, social status, sort, standing, station, status, stratum, subdivision, subgroup, suborder, subspecies, type, variety
Associated concepts: class action, class gifts, class interest, class legislation, class suit, definite class, gift to a class
Foreign phrases: Clausula generalis de residuo non ea complectitur quae non ejusdem sint generis cum iis quae speciatim dicta fuerant.A general clause of remainner does not include those things which are not of the same kind as those which have been specially mentioned.
See also: allocate, arrange, arrangement, classification, classify, condition, denomination, department, distribute, division, evaluate, file, fix, form, gauge, index, kind, manner, organize, pigeonhole, quality, race, rate, relate, screen, section, select, society, sort, state, status, style, subdivision

CLASS. The order according to which are arranged or distributed, or are supposed to be arranged or distributed, divers persons or things; thus we say, a class of legatees.
     2. When a legacy is given to a class of individuals, all who answer the description at the time the will takes effect, are entitled; and though the expression be in the plural, yet if there be but one, he shall take the whole. 3 M'Cord, Ch. R. 440.
     3. When a bond is given to a class of persons, it is good, and all composing that class are entitled to sue upon it; but if the obligor be a member of such class, the bond is void, because a man cannot be obligor and obligee at the same time; as, if a bond be given to the justices of the county court, and at the time the obligor is himself one of said justices. 3 Dev. 284, 287,289; 4 Dev. 882.
     4. When a charge is made against a class of society, a profession, an order or body of men, and cannot possibly import a personal application to private injury, no action lies; but if any one of the class have sustained special damages in consequence of such charge, he may maintain an action. 17 Wend. 52, 23, 186. See 12 John. 475. When the charge is against one of a class, without designating which, no action lies; as, where three persons had been examined as witnesses, and the defendant said in addressing himself to them, "one of you three is perjured." 1 Roll. Ab. 81; Cro. Jac. 107; 16 Pick. 132.

References in periodicals archive ?
The research mirrors previous work carried out in Wales which found that deprivation, associated with the lowest social classes, was linked to a huge range of ill health, lower educational attainment and higher rates of teen pregnancy.
Yet a vital fact has been missed: Higher social classes have a significantly higher average IQ than lower classes.
Yet in all this debate a simple and vital fact has been missed: higher social classes have a significantly higher average IQ than lower social classes.
The successful do not change social classes, but change how Galicia is perceived in the rest of the world and return to change Galicia, to add to its progress.
And third, we need to unpack languages of class as markers of difference or as distinct social classes rather than class fractions: how do those imagining themselves as a 'respectable' labor aristocracy differ from other workers, what does it mean to say white collar professional-managerial workers hold 'middle-class values?
A witty and innovative look at frontier history, Enss's book surveys a broad span of social classes and physical needs in Western dress, from pilgrims in Conestoga wagons to army scouts on patrol.
How can we define the parameters of social classes today?
An examination of Roman Christianity from Romans through the Apostolic Tradition of Hippolytus concludes that the majority were poor in the first century, a minority came from higher social classes in the second, with Greek as their first language, left few archaeological remains behind; with a greater percentage of women in the higher social classes.
Scholarly research has unearthed numerous links between teachers' expectations of students from various social classes and students' academic outcomes.
An archaic state is a political system with several social classes, as well as rulers who claim power on the basis of their special relationships to gods.
Just over half of British homes now had a computer but ownership varied between 80 per cent in the case of social classes one and two to 20 per cent in classes four and five, said Dr Wadsworth, senior research fellow at the LSE's Centre for Economic Performance.
Large differences in medical school acceptance rates between ethnic minorities and social classes have been revealed in a BMA report.