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The primary hypothesis of the multidimensional theory of competitive anxiety (Martens et al., 1990) is that cognitive anxiety has a negative linear relationship with performance while somatic anxiety has an inverted-U shaped relationship with performance.
Perhaps the most intriguing finding in the new analysis was that the dose-response effect did not apply to the offspring of mothers in the highest quintile of somatic anxiety as measured during pregnancy and early childhood.
The CSAI-2R is composed of 16 items that measure three subscales: cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, and self-confidence.
That is, the lack of resonance found to HRV (3.14 [+ or -] 1.20) had no association with the frequency (12.97 [+ or -] 6.83) and intensity (9.67 [+ or -] 2.92) of the moderate scales of somatic anxiety, which showed a positive direction (facilitative) (1.08 [+ or -] 4.99) and with moderate frequency (16.03 [+ or -] 6.05) and low intensity (10.81 [+ or -] 2.42) of the cognitive anxiety, who presented negative effect (-2.50 [+ or -] 5.74).
We sought to determine if there is a difference in cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, and self-confidence state subscale scores on the CSAI-2 for published norms for elite-level Olympic athletes as compared to international Special Olympics athletes.
Musculoskeletal discomfort in the shoulder was associated with cognitive (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.1-3.9) and somatic anxiety (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.1-3.9).
Consistent with this research, Kirby and Liu's (1999) study of Chinese athletes found that track and field participants report higher somatic anxiety and lower self-confidence than do basketball players.
The HAMD-17 can be divided into 5 subscales: [16, 17] (a) 4 items in the retardation subscale assess depressed mood, work and activities, psychomotor retardation, and loss of sexual interest; (b) 3 items assess guilt, suicidal ideation, and psychomotor agitation; (c) 3 items assess sleep problems including difficulty of falling asleep, light sleep, and early awakening; (d) 6 items assess anxiety and somatic symptoms including mental anxiety, somatic anxiety, gastrointestinal symptoms, hypochondriasis, insight, and general somatic symptoms.
Besides cognitive and somatic anxiety, in modern psychiatry, there is also a third dimension of anxiety disorders, namely, the behavioral dimension.
Serotonergic antidepressants remain the mainstay of treatment for depression with anxiety, although (contrary to popular perception) bupropion exerts an anxiolytic effect that is comparable to the effect of SSRIs.(15) Notably, high somatic anxiety during depression might predict a poor outcome from ECT.(16)
[25] In addition, it is believed that with the start of the race, the somatic anxiety will fall very rapidly while the cognitive anxiety will depends on how the individual is making progress during the competition.