sovereignty

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Related to Sovereign nations: Sovereign state, sovereignty, National sovereignty

Sovereignty

The supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which an independent state is governed and from which all specific political powers are derived; the intentional independence of a state, combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign interference.

Sovereignty is the power of a state to do everything necessary to govern itself, such as making, executing, and applying laws; imposing and collecting taxes; making war and peace; and forming treaties or engaging in commerce with foreign nations.

The individual states of the United States do not possess the powers of external sovereignty, such as the right to deport undesirable persons, but each does have certain attributes of internal sovereignty, such as the power to regulate the acquisition and transfer of property within its borders. The sovereignty of a state is determined with reference to the U.S. Constitution, which is the supreme law of the land.

See: authority, bureaucracy, capacity, dominance, dominion, hierarchy, home rule, influence, jurisdiction, polity, predominance, primacy, regime, supremacy

sovereignty

in UK constitutional law, the doctrine that the monarch in Parliament is competent to make or unmake any law whatsoever and cannot be challenged in any court. The doctrine developed historically, its first major enunciation being in the BILL OF RIGHTS. Possible limitations are:
  1. (i) the ACTS OF UNION;
  2. (ii) the inability of Parliament to bind its successors;
  3. (iii) territorial competence, being a practical limitation rather than a legal one.

By far the most significant restraint is found in the law of the EUROPEAN UNION, which asserts its supremacy in the ever-expanding matters subject to the Treaties. Enforcement of an Act of Parliament has been enjoined on the basis of conflict with European law. The creation of the devolved Scottish Parliament has brought about a conventional restraint of Parliament exercising its powers on matters within the devolved powers:

see SEWEL MOTION.

SOVEREIGNTY. The union and exercise of all human power possessed in a state; it is a combination of all power; it is the power to do everything in a state without accountability; to make laws, to execute and to apply them: to impose and collect taxes, and, levy, contributions; to make war or peace; to form treaties of alliance or of commerce with foreign nations, and the like. Story on the Const. Sec. 207.
     2. Abstractedly, sovereignty resides in the body of the nation and belongs to the people. But these powers are generally exercised by delegation.
     3. When analysed, sovereignty is naturally divided into three great powers; namely, the legislative, the executive, and the judiciary; the first is the power to make new laws, and to correct and repeal the old; the second is the power to execute the laws both at home and abroad; and the last is the power to apply the laws to particular facts; to judge the disputes which arise among the citizens, and to punish crimes.
     4. Strictly speaking, in our republican forms of government, the absolute sovereignty of the nation is in the people of the nation; (q.v.) and the residuary sovereignty of each state, not granted to any of its public functionaries, is in the people of the state. (q.v.) 2 Dall. 471; and vide, generally, 2 Dall. 433, 455; 3 Dall. 93; 1 Story, Const. Sec. 208; 1 Toull. n. 20 Merl. Repert. h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
There are many other important matters to be considered before rushing toward an illegal war against a sovereign nation.
AHEAD OF THE CURVE: As far back as our April 10, 1989 issue, THE NEW AMERICAN pointed out that membership in the Common Market (or European Community), the precursor of the European Union, would transfer vast new powers from sovereign nations to a new supranational authority.
If California's Indian tribes are sovereign nations and not subject to taxes, then they should not be able to vote or - like any other foreign country - contribute to any political campaign or issue in this state or nation.
Just think of the arrogance necessary to think that they (ICANN) have the right to levy a tax on all of the sovereign nations of the world," Palmer said.
Stupid me, I thought sovereign nations had the right to retain and develop weapons to defend themselves whether we like them or not.
PDS acquired the exclusive intellectual property rights to manufacture and distribute digital table game products utilizing DCS(TM) throughout the United States, including Sovereign Nations in mid-1999.
But alas, the UN still tends to be a fractious, messy forum, and individual sovereign nations frequently fail to recognize and cooperate in the designs of these illustrious world planners.
If the United Nations is given the power to tax, it can build its own armed forces that could be a threat to all sovereign nations.
In practice, this has meant a deliberate, carefully orchestrated drive to absorb the military forces of sovereign nations into a unified command structure under United Nations authority.
This was reflected in his early trade visits to Mexico, Europe and the Middle East and in the appointment of a secretary for foreign affairs - a title elsewhere reserved solely for ministers of sovereign nations.
PDS acquired the exclusive intellectual property rights to manufacture and distribute products utilizing DCS(TM) throughout the United States, including Sovereign Nations in mid-1999.
Under the agreement, PDS Financial Corporation purchased the exclusive intellectual property rights to manufacture and distribute products utilizing DigiDeal's DCS(TM), (Digital Card System) throughout the United States, including Sovereign Nations.