sovereignty

(redirected from Sovereignity)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia.
Related to Sovereignity: State sovereignty

Sovereignty

The supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which an independent state is governed and from which all specific political powers are derived; the intentional independence of a state, combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign interference.

Sovereignty is the power of a state to do everything necessary to govern itself, such as making, executing, and applying laws; imposing and collecting taxes; making war and peace; and forming treaties or engaging in commerce with foreign nations.

The individual states of the United States do not possess the powers of external sovereignty, such as the right to deport undesirable persons, but each does have certain attributes of internal sovereignty, such as the power to regulate the acquisition and transfer of property within its borders. The sovereignty of a state is determined with reference to the U.S. Constitution, which is the supreme law of the land.

See: authority, bureaucracy, capacity, dominance, dominion, hierarchy, home rule, influence, jurisdiction, polity, predominance, primacy, regime, supremacy

sovereignty

in UK constitutional law, the doctrine that the monarch in Parliament is competent to make or unmake any law whatsoever and cannot be challenged in any court. The doctrine developed historically, its first major enunciation being in the BILL OF RIGHTS. Possible limitations are:
  1. (i) the ACTS OF UNION;
  2. (ii) the inability of Parliament to bind its successors;
  3. (iii) territorial competence, being a practical limitation rather than a legal one.

By far the most significant restraint is found in the law of the EUROPEAN UNION, which asserts its supremacy in the ever-expanding matters subject to the Treaties. Enforcement of an Act of Parliament has been enjoined on the basis of conflict with European law. The creation of the devolved Scottish Parliament has brought about a conventional restraint of Parliament exercising its powers on matters within the devolved powers:

see SEWEL MOTION.

SOVEREIGNTY. The union and exercise of all human power possessed in a state; it is a combination of all power; it is the power to do everything in a state without accountability; to make laws, to execute and to apply them: to impose and collect taxes, and, levy, contributions; to make war or peace; to form treaties of alliance or of commerce with foreign nations, and the like. Story on the Const. Sec. 207.
     2. Abstractedly, sovereignty resides in the body of the nation and belongs to the people. But these powers are generally exercised by delegation.
     3. When analysed, sovereignty is naturally divided into three great powers; namely, the legislative, the executive, and the judiciary; the first is the power to make new laws, and to correct and repeal the old; the second is the power to execute the laws both at home and abroad; and the last is the power to apply the laws to particular facts; to judge the disputes which arise among the citizens, and to punish crimes.
     4. Strictly speaking, in our republican forms of government, the absolute sovereignty of the nation is in the people of the nation; (q.v.) and the residuary sovereignty of each state, not granted to any of its public functionaries, is in the people of the state. (q.v.) 2 Dall. 471; and vide, generally, 2 Dall. 433, 455; 3 Dall. 93; 1 Story, Const. Sec. 208; 1 Toull. n. 20 Merl. Repert. h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
Jack Kloppenburg, Impeding dispossession, enabling repossession: Biological open source and the recovery of seed sovereignity, 10 Journal of Agrarian Change 367 (2010).
(41) Christopher Holland, "Chinese Attitudes to International Law: China, the Security Council, Sovereignity, and Intervention " Journal of International Law and Politics Online Forum (July 2012): 3-43.
A few years later Bodin, when he wrote his Les six livres de la Republique focusing on something that will be revolutionary for politics for several centuries, the invention of sovereignity, will insist on the same path to the knowledge of political reality as Machiavelli: observing things the way they are, not the way we wish they were.
has been employing using all tactics to amend the Indian Patent Act and imposing techno-trade sanctions through special/super 301 Provisions of the 1988 Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act and exerting influence with U.S.--related international organisations like GATT/WTO, IMF to derail the organic techno-economic self-reliant development of developing countries like India and Nigeria by necessitating them to resort to expensive-cum-tied external loans which, over time, lead to structural maladjustment problems by depriving them of their own 'decision making' sovereignity.
(2010), "Deportation Regime: Sovereignity, Space, and Freedom of Movement", in De Genova, N.
(19) Sul delicato rapporto tra rispetto della sovranita e tutela dei diritti umani, limitandosi ai documenti semi-ufficiali, rimangono fondamentali le relazioni The Responsibility to Protect, dell'International Commission on International and State Sovereignity, e A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility, dell'High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change, nonche la successiva relazione del Segretario Generale della Nazioni Unite, Kofi ANNAN, In Larger Freedom: Towards Development, Security and Human Rights for All.
Result: we lost our sovereignity as also material wealth.
He said that drone attacks must be stopped for the sake of sovereignity of the country.
The Jewish state's new defense minister, Moshe Ylon , said any breach of "Israeli sovereignity" would be blamed on the Syrian regime's army and that his government would consider President Assad as responsible.
In the Philippines, the Americans honoured previous promises and transferred sovereignity in 1946.
in which the impact of colonialism can be ignored." "While Whale Rider is a highly successful New Zealand film," she writes, "it may not serve the Maori pursuit of sovereignity as well as it at first appears to." (4) Pascale De Souza comes to a similar conclusion: While Whale Rider undoubtedly contributes to the celebration of Maori women "the contradiction between Maori identity and twentieth-century life 'continues unresolved in practical reality'"(5) Antje M.