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adj. referring to a particular purpose, person or happening. In law these include hearings, proceedings, administrator, master, orders and so forth.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

DAMAGES, SPECIAL, torts. Special damages are such as are in fact sustained, and are not implied by law; these are either superadded to general damages, arising from an act injurious in itself, as when some particular loss arises. from the uttering of slanderous words, actionable in themselves, or are such as arise from an act indifferent and not actionable in itself, but injurious only in its consequences, as when the words become actionable only by reason of special damage ensuing. To constitute special damage the legal and natural consequence must arise from the tort, and not be a mere wrongful act of a third person, or a remote consequence. 1 Camp. 58; Ham. N. P. 40; 1 Chit. Pl. 385, 6.

DAMAGES, SPECIAL, pleading. As distinguished from the gist of the action, signify that special damage which is stated to result from the gist; as, if a plaintiff in an action of trespass for breaking his close, entering his house, and tossing his goods about, were to state that by means of the damage done to his house, he was obliged to seek lodging elsewhere.
     2. Sometimes the special damage is said to constitute the gist of the action itself; for example, in an action wherein the plaintiff declares for slanderous words, which of themselves are not a sufficient ground or foundation for the suit, if any particular damage result to the plaintiff from the speaking of them, that damage is properly said to be the gist of the action.
     3. But whether special damage be the gist of the action, or only collateral to it, it must be particularly stated in the declaration, as the plaintiff will not otherwise be permitted to go into evidence of it at the trial, because the defendant cannot also be prepared to answer it. Willes, 23. See Gist.

PLEADING, SPECIAL. By special pleading is meant the allegation of special or new matter, as distinguished from a direct denial of matter previously alleged on the opposite side. Gould on Pl. c. 1, s. 18.

SPECIAL. That which relates to a particular species or kind, opposed to general; as special verdict and general verdict; special imparlance and general imparlance; special jury, or one selected for a particular case, and general jury; special issue and general issue, &c.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in classic literature ?
And committed the special would have been, only Jinks, who was the magistrate's adviser (having had a legal education of three years in a country attorney's office), whispered the magistrate that he thought it wouldn't do; so the magistrate made a speech, and said, that in consideration of the special's family, he would merely reprimand and discharge him.
The guests were crowding in, and special places were marked for important people.
Prince Andrew felt that either the actions of Kutuzov's army interested the Minister of War less than any of the other matters he was concerned with, or he wanted to give the Russian special messenger that impression.
As I write this, it is the first month of the New Year and is cold and snowing; however, it is also raining--raining .44 Specials. Suddenly it seems .44 Specials are everywhere, being offered by at least four American manufacturers in addition to imports and special limited runs by distributors.
Both S&W and Ruger offered excellent sixguns for the new cartridge which was simply a lengthened .44 Special. Keith was so happy he retired his .44 Specials and used the .44 Magnum almost exclusively for the next 25 years.
PAUL Townsend works at Northumberland-based manufacturer The Specials Laboratory.
Specials can come in many forms including capsules, sachets, liquids, suppositories, cream, ointments, pastes and lollipops.
There are exceptions, of course, like ska legends The Specials, though even in their case after the brilliance of the 1981 hit Ghost Town everything else disappointed.
RPSPORT Live Champions League ITV1, 7.45pm SO The Special One is back on our screens, writes Graham Woods.
Alias and it's global 3December sponsors are also unveiling two additional 3December specials for existing Maya customers.
More than fifteen years have passed since The Specials soared to number one on the English charts with "Ghost Town." Now the band that sparked the 2-Tone movement has re-formed and released a new album, Today's Specials.
In addition to the DIF selection process, certain returns, identified by the Service as "Specials," are given audit codes during the initial data inputting process in the Service Center.

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