Continued avoidance of doctors reinforced her fear and phobia -- which developed into a Specific Phobia
For the child interference scale, both parents and children reported higher levels of impairment for the children with a principal diagnosis of generalised anxiety than for the children with a principal diagnosis of a specific phobia
There were also a scarce number of specific phobias
are among the most common mental health disorders.
It has been used in specific feared situations or objects that lead to avoidance behaviors in youths with specific phobias
and social phobias.
The signs and symptoms of any serious psychological disorder in addition to specific phobia
were not found on assessment.
Classification as a Specific Phobia
places needle phobia within the realm of psychiatry and there is a range of psychological literature on the relative importance of the emotions of fear and disgust (Kleinknecht, Kleinknecht, & Thorndike, 1997; Olatunje, Williams, Sawchuk, & Lohr, 2006; Page, 2003).
According to DSM-IV, the fundamental feature of any specific phobia
is a marked and persistent fear of evidently discernible, circumscribed objects or situations.
In at least a small way, results from this study may thus help inform the development of more efficacious treatment approaches for anxiety disorders in general and arachnophobia and other forms of specific phobia
9) While CBT could involve many specific techniques, the most common for treating a specific phobia
would be a combination of systematic desensitization and cognitive restructuring.
was the most commonly reported comorbidity with a positive CSI-4 screening cut-off score in both the treatment and no- / other-treatment groups (53%), followed by vocal tics (41%), motor tics (39%), and ODD (37%).
The most common anxiety disorders, as defined by the 'Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder' (American Psychiatric Association, 1994), are specific phobia
, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), acute stress disorder and separation anxiety disorder.