master

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Master

An individual who hires employees or servants to perform services and who directs the manner in which such services are performed.A court officer appointed by a judge to perform such jobs as examining witnesses, taking testimony, computing damages, or taking oaths, affidavits, or acknowledgments of deeds.

A master makes a report of his or her findings to the judge so a decree can be formulated. A master in chancery was an officer in Chancery Court in England. In the U. S. these duties may be rendered by a court clerk, commissioner, auditor, or referee.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

master

n. 1) employer, in the area of law known as "master and servant," which more properly should be called employer and employee. 2) a person, supposedly with special expertise, appointed by a judge to investigate a problem (such as whether a parent's home is appropriate for child visitation) and report back to the judge his/her findings and recommendation. (See: master and servant, employment, respondeat superior)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

master

1 a nearly obsolete term for an EMPLOYER under a contract of employment in the sense of service rather than for services. The law was treated under the title ‘master and servant’ but is now usually collected under the title ‘employment law’, which includes much to do with trade unions. See EMPLOYMENT, UNFAIR DISMISSAL.
2 an officer of the Supreme Court of Judicature subordinate to a judge.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

MASTER. This word has several meanings. 1. Master is one who has control over a servant or apprentice. A master stands in relation to his apprentices, in loco parentis, and is bound to fulfill that relation, which the law generally enforces. He is also entitled to be obeyed by his apprentices, as if they were his children. Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.
     2.-2. Master is one who is employed in teaching children, known generally as a schoolmaster; as to his powers, see Correction.
     3.-3. Master is the name of an officer: as, the ship Benjamin Franklin, whereof A B is master; the master of the rolls; master in chancery, &c.
     4.-4. By master is also understood a principal who employs another to perform some act or do something for him. The law having adopted the maxim of the civil law, qui facit per alium facit per se; the agent is but an instrument, and the master is civilly responsible for the act of his agent, as if it were his own, when he either commands him to do an act, or puts him in a condition, of which such act is a result, or by the absence of due care and control, either previously in the choice of his agent, or immediately in the act itself, negligently suffers him to do an injury. Story, Ag. Sec. 454, note; Noy's Max. c. 44; Salk. 282; 1 East. R. 106; 1 Bos. & Pul. 404; 2 H. Bl. 267; 5 Barn. & Cr. 547; 2 Taunt. R. 314; 4 Taunt. R. 649; Mass. 364, 385; 17 Mass. 479, 509; 1 Pick. 47 5; 4 Watts, 222; 2 Harr. & Gill., 316; 6 Cowen, 189; 8 Pick. 23; 5 Munf. 483. Vide Agent; Agency; Driver; Servant.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
As time passed, the intensity of Rumi's longing for his spiritual master increased, and intensified the condition of Rumi's restlessness.
If the skull was required by the family or by a spiritual master it was kept aside, otherwise it was pounded along with the bones.
The study I have just published on Buddhism in France(23) demonstrates that the impressive expansion of Tibetan Buddhism -- a very minor current in Asian Buddhism, but of major importance in the West -- stems essentially from this presence in the West of numerous accomplished spiritual masters. All the evidence gathered instances the decisive importance of the lama who attracts by his personal charisma and socializes the new adherent in the Buddhist sangha by his qualities as a teacher and meditator.
First the spiritual Master explained the technique of meditation, then the audience sat in pin-drop silence, with closed eyes, enjoying the peace that not only pervaded the huge auditorium but also filled their hearts.
Many spiritual masters, wearing robes, being vegetarians or speaking slowly, actually conceal spiritual ignorance.
Most of us imagine that a spiritual master would be a person of high moral integrity, likely celibate, and definitely vegetarian, someone who speaks in terse mysterious phrases and smiles a lot.
"We have guidelines that our spiritual master gave us, in terms of diet and how to offer the food."
Of course, lorry drivers will ignore public safety for as long as they can and try to use muscle to get their own way, but perhaps they should remember what my spiritual master once said to me: "Grasshopper...
"Is the World a Problem?" Thomas Merton, Spiritual Master, ed.
The global dialog on Bhagavad Gita is being convened as part of a long-term effort under the inspirational guidance of Swami Bhoomananda Tirtha, a renowned Spiritual Master from India.
'His spiritual master, Baba Sufi Muhammad Tufayl (d.

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