# Standard

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STANDARD, in war. An ensign or flag used in war.

STANDARD, measure. A weight or measure of certain dimensions, to which all other weights and measures must correspond; as, a standard bushel. Also the quality of certain metals, to which all others of the same kind ought to be made to conform; as, standard gold, standard silver. Vide Dollar; Eagle; Money.

References in periodicals archive ?
Teacher Ratings on the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales and ADHD Rating Scale-IV Nathan Craig Baseline Intervention Baseline Intervention PKBS * Social Skills 85 102 73 90 Problem 132 102 117 107 Behavior ADHD IV ** Inattention <75% <75% 98% 86% Hyp/Impuls <75% <75% 87% 75% Total Score <75% <75% 94% <84% * Standard Scores ** Percentile Scores
The empirically selected cutoff score of 90 falls approximately 0.5 standard deviations (8 standard score points) above the preestablished cutoff score of 82 typically applied by clinicians.
Table 1 Means and Standard Deviations for WISC-III and WRAT-R Standard Scores in Study 1 Math Difficulties Normally Achieving M SD M SD WISC-III FSIQ 92.85 12.55 93.02 10.82 Verbal 92.67 13.45 91.92 15.34 Performance 91.56 16.02 90.15 13.78 Reading SS 90.58 12.82 91.25 14.25 Spelling SS 89.81 14.78 90.72 12.57 Arithmetic SS 61.89 6.81 87.63 15.78 Note.
This new standard score variable, which (like number of sets played) is a pure psi measure, was substituted for the previous standard score measure based on subjects' solitaire scores.
As a group, participants in this study had academic achievement standard scores over one standard deviation below the normative mean with Reading, Mathematics, and Written Language standard scores of 82.4, 85.4, and 79.0, respectively.
For the values component, standard score means varied considerably among groups (users: M = -1.14, SD = .78; triers: M = -.18, SD = .66; nonusers: M = .29, SD = .49), with users more strongly in favor of use.
The data indicate that the child has abilities to recognize words and non-words, although at different levels, because the results, even though in the middle range (standard score between 85 and 115), varied among the items.
Therefore, standard scores were calculated for the search volumes after removal of the Obama search data.
Similarly, our decision to use local norms, along with the Teacher Rating of Reading Severity (Speece & Case, 2001; Speece et al., 2011), rather than a standard score to assign children to tiers led to good buy-in from schools and teachers.
The derived measures are reported using standard scores, which are equal-interval scales with a normalized standard score having a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 20 (Torrance, Ball, & Safter, 1992).
Table 1 Participant Characteristics Student Age Gender Full Verbal WRMT * WID Gates-MacGinitie (yr-mo) scale IQ ** IQ Vocab Comp Eddie 7-8 M 104 121 80 1.2 1.4 Christie 8-2 F 103 104 74 1.5 1.4 Laurie 7-8 F 102 95 84 1.3 1.4 Mike 7-10 M 109 95 61 1.0 K Ricky 7-11 M 94 102 81 1.6 1.5 * Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests - Revised, Word Identification Subtest, standard score. ** Cates-MacGinitie Reading Test scores are grade equivalents based on administration one month prior to baseline.
In this study of approximately 200 male youth from a single site, the mean Broad Reading standard score from the Woodcock-Johnson Achievement Test--Third Edition (WJIII, Woodcock, McGrew, & Mather, 2001) was 96.73 for European Americans, which is within the average range.

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