Statutum

DE JUDAISMO, STATUTUM. The name of a statute passed in the reign of Edw. I., which enacted severe and absurd penalties against the Jews. Barr. on Stat. 197.
     2. The Jews were exceedingly oppressed during the middle ages throughout Christendom, and, are so still in some countries. In France, a Jew was a serf, and his person and goods belonged to the baron on whose demesnes he lived. He could not change his domicil without permission of the baron, who could pursue him as a fugitive even on the domains of the king. Like an article of commerce, he might be lent or hired for a time, or mortgaged. If he became a Christian, his conversion was considered a larceny of the lord, and his property and goods were confiscated. They were allowed to utter their prayers only in a low voice and without chanting. They were not allowed to appear in public without some badge or mark of distinction. Christians were forbidden to employ Jews of either sex as domestics, physicians or surgeons. Admission to the bar was forbidden to Jews. They were obliged to appear in court in person, when they demanded justice for a wrong done them, and it was deemed disgraceful to an advocate to undertake the cause of a Jew. If a Jew appeared in court against a Christian, he was obliged to swear by the ten names of God, and invoke a thousand imprecations against himself, if he spoke not the truth. Sexual intercourse between a Christian man and a Jewess was deemed a crime against nature, and was punishable with death by burning. Quia est rem habere cum cane, rem habere a Christiano cum Judaea quae CANIS reputatur - sic comburi debet. 1 Fournel, Hist. des Avocats, 108, 110. See Merlin, Repert. au mot Juifs.
     3. In the fifth book of the Decretals, it is provided, that if a Jew have a servant that desireth to be a Christian, the Jew shall be compelled to sell him to a Christian for twelve pence that it shall not be lawful for them to take any Christian to be their servant that they may repair their old synagogues, but not build new - that it shall not be lawful for them to open their doors, or windows on good Friday; that their wives neither have Christian nurses, nor themselves be nurses to Christian women - that they wear different apparel from the Christians, whereby they may be known, &c See Ridley's View of the Civ. and Eccl Law, part 1, chap. 5, sect. 7 and Madox Hist. of the Exchequer, Index, as to their condition in England.

References in periodicals archive ?
Unde recte fuit olim in lege divina statutum ut bestia, quae montem tetigerit, lapidetur; ne videlicet simplex aliquis et indoctus praesumat ad sublimitatem Scripturae sacrae pertingere, vel eam aliis praedicare.
See Statutum de Frangentibus Prisonam [Statute of Breaking Prisons], 23 Edw.
Et cum prius confuse et quasi in chorea cantarentur psalmi et antiphone, statutum est a patribus, ut seorsum chorus sederet et alternatim psalleret, id est una pars chori cantaret unum uersum psalmi et reliqua alium.
A statute may yet again become a statutum in which long title and preamble are not dissociated from the text.
To be safe on his home front in Germany, the emperor finally allied himself with the nobility against the cities by ceding control of the cities to the nobles, as ratified in agreements such as the Confoederatio cum Principis Ecclesiasticis of 1220 and the Statutum in Favorem Principum of 1232.
Ad audientiam nuper nostram fidedignorum plurimorum relatu, seu verius fama publica referente, pervenit quod in civitate Florentina seu in curia officii, "mercanzie" nuncupati, dicte civitatis, quondam statutum vigere dinoscitur cuius tenor sequitur et est talis, videlicet, quod:
Cum autem, sicut etiam anteponimus, licet statutum ipsum, prout evidenter apparet, non solum in Archiepiscopi Florentini pro tempore existentis eiusque curie archiepiscopalis damnum et detrimentum, necnon apostolice sedis et libertatis predicte villipendium emenasse videatur, tamen, quod deterius est, officiales in officio predicto pro tempore existentes et alios plures prefate civitatis officiales cives ipsum statutum hactenus observare et observari facere, necnon erubuiverunt prout nec hodie verentur non animarum suarum preiudicium non modicum et iacturam,
Et arbitrabatur ipse potestas habere solidos duos per libra secundum statutum.
Reformatio tamen unde scriptum est statutum nil dicit ex bonis delinquentis.
94) But this recommendation is modelled on an even more restrictive regulation in the earliest Cistercian usus conversorum, which was not seen as incompatible with a more elaborate routine (although the Cistercians soon added that the brothers could also be taught |cetera que debere dici ab eis statutum est', perhaps to make this clearer).
1: "Haec autem quae praeter ordinem communiter in rebus statutum quandoque divinitus fiunt, miracula dici solent.
Utrum autem hoc sit iam statutum per aliqua iura, plenius noverint iuriste": Vat.