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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chronic recurrent anterior sternoclavicular joint instability: results of surgical management.
Haas, "Treatment Strategies for Septic Arthritis of the Sternoclavicular Joint," Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie Zeitschriftfur Allgemeine, Viszeral- und Gefasschirurgie, vol.
Miller, "Posterior sternoclavicular joint injuries in the adolescent population: a meta-analysis," The American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.
For imaging of the affected region in sternoclavicular joint tuberculosis, CT and MRI can be used.
There was hyperintense signal on both T1 and T2-weighted images of the sternal side of the sternoclavicular joint. This finding, joint space narrowing and bony spur were presumed to be due to secondary degenarative changes.
A posterior subluxation causes tenderness around the sternoclavicular joint, but minimal or no deformity.
Lesions of the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) including epiphysiolyses type Salter I and II are rare in all age groups, representing less than 5% of all shoulder girdle injuries [1].
We present this case and procedure, because of its uniqueness that it involves total Sternectomy with B/L Sternoclavicular joint excision with reconstruction, which is being reported for the first time in the literature.
Her scintigraphic bone scanning showed increased uptake in the sternoclavicular joint, sternum, and bilateral clavicles forming "bullhead sign".
The inherent strength and stability of the sternoclavicular joint transfers energy to both the acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular ligaments.
Muscle Placement of Electrodes Pectoralis Major Midway between coracoid process (Clavicular Fibers) and sternoclavicular joint 2 cm below clavicle.
The experimental group received passive joint mobilisations in the form of graded, passive, accessory movements directed either at the glenohumeral, acromioclavicular and/or sternoclavicular joint in addition to advice and exercise.