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United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)


adjective allied, amalgamated, associated, coalitional, collaborative, collective, combined, common, communal, communis, community, concerted, concurrent, confederate, conjoint, conjugate, conjunct, consolidated, cooperative, coordinated, corporate, correal, harmonious, inseparable, joined, leagued, merged, mixed, mutual, shared, synergetic, unified, united
Associated concepts: joint account, joint action, joint advennure, joint and several liability, joint enterprise, joint interrst, joint liability, joint negligence, joint ownership, joint resolution, joint tenancy, joint tort feasors
See also: collective, common, concerted, concomitant, concordant, concurrent, conjoint, connection, consensual, federal, intersection, mutual, united

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

References in periodicals archive ?
They were excluded if they had trauma within the last month, inflammatory joint disease, local neoplastic disorder, a feeling of instability at the glenohumeral joint, contraindications to passive joint mobilisations at the glenohumeral, acromioclavicular, or sternoclavicular joints, or shoulder pain referred from the vertebral column structures.
Disorders of the sternoclavicular joint, in Rockwood C and Matsen FA (eds): The Shoulder.
Clinical examination revealed the presence of a tender, 6 x 6-cm erythematous swelling over the right sternoclavicular joint.
Spontaneous atraumatic anterior subluxation of the sternoclavicular joint.
5 year follow-up, four patients were reported as having deformity at the sternoclavicular joint, one had no deformity and one had a "small prominence.
Key Words: immunocompetent host, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, pyarthrosis, sternoclavicular joint
On physical examination, the patient had a very firm and immobile mass (approximately, 5 cm) over his manubrium and left sternoclavicular joint, with mild tenderness on palpation.
To varying degrees, clinical and radiographic features of these cases were consistent with two benign conditions, osteoarthritis of the sternoclavicular joint and condensing osteitis of the clavicle.
4) In addition, osteolytic lesions with cortical disruption and costal or sternoclavicular joint lesions can be seen.
Examination of the chest revealed palpable subcutaneous crepitus over both sternoclavicular joints.
Bone resorption (osteopaenia) * Sub-periosteal Radial aspect of middle phalanges, medial side of humerus, tibia * Intracortical Terminal tufts(acro-osteolysis) * Endosteal Hands and long bones * Trabecular Skull (salt and pepper appearance) * Sub-ligamentous Trochanters, calcaneus, ischial/humeral tuberosities, lateral clavicle * Sub-chondral Acromioclavicular, sacro-iliac and sternoclavicular joints 2.