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STIRPES, descents. The root, stem, or stock of a tree. Figuratively, it signifies, in law, that person from whom a family is descended, and also the kindred or family.
     2. It is chiefly used in estimating the several interests of the different kindred, in the distribution of an intestate's estate. 2 Bl. Com. 517 and vide Descent; Line.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
individual had predeceased, to his issue per stirpes. (90) The
The policyholder names a class of beneficiaries per capita or per stirpes.
descendants of collateral kindred per stirpes has a certain element
Deirdre Stirpe, co-owner of Crumb Together, a new cookie and coffee shop in downtown Eugene, said she and her husband, Tony, had planned to launch the business months ago, but one small detail stood in the way.
The term per stirpes is used when it is desired that the share of a deceased beneficiary go to the beneficiary's children (in Latin it means "by the trunk," "by right of representation," or "by roots or stocks").
If an author dies before serving notice of termination on the grantee, then the right to exercise that interest passes to the author's heirs per stirpes as defined in section 203.
Assume further that his trust provided that, for the first 50 years, all trust income and gains from sales of trust assets were to be retained by the trust, and thereafter income was to be distributed per stirpes to his living issue.
Patients and providers of all stirpes participate, network, listen to speakers, mingle with exhibitors.
The policyowner names a class of beneficiaries "per capita" or "per stirpes"--A per capita (by the heads) distribution means that the proceeds will be split according to the number of beneficiaries in the class.
If the bequests were made "per stirpes," then the assets were divided at the primary beneficiary level and the children of primaries would divide their respective parent's share.