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Related to Stoics: Zeno of Citium, Epicurus, Marcus Aurelius, Epicureans
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Anything else is considered superfluous; although Stoic and Cynic shared a belief that much in society is superfluous (such as honor and riches), unlike Cynics, Stoic did not carry the rejection of society's traditions to an extreme (they were not "Socratics gone mad" and they did not live like dogs).
However, Lachs believes that the "radical distinction between the stoic and the pragmatist is misleading and inaccurate" (41).
In his foundational first two chapters, Sorabji contrasts the two parallels before resolving them by asking how Gandhi and the Stoics could reconcile their eschewal of conventional emotional attachments with their obvious commitment to communal values: to the love of others (whether family members or the wider human family) and to the expression of that concern via political engagement.
It is important source of the Stoic philosophy, its important interpreter and in itself an influential work of ethics for many generations with high authority, as well.
The Stoics, famously, say that only a few sorts of things can be good or bad.
His citizenship moves from the mundane to the transcendent, to what the Stoics labeled the "cosmopolis," what St.
Fitzgerald observes, in his essay on slavery in a variety of biblical texts, that while neither their authors nor the Stoics urged the overthrow of existing hierarchies, they shared a minority view in advocating the humanizing and humane treatment of slaves, whose accidental status was no bar to their possession of virtue and inner freedom.
During this period, serving routinely alongside soldier-scholars, she developed an interest in the relationship between the ancient Stoic philosophies and contemporary warriors.
The whole purpose of pursuing knowledge and engaging in philosophy, the Stoics maintained, is to bring about a transformation in one's life.
Neither was insensibility confined to the Stoics, as Gilles Montsarrat points out: "Sometimes Christian patience even comes perilously close to the oft-denounced 'senselessness' of the Stoics"; Montsarrat cites Gabriel Powell's condemnation of Job, who "seemed as it were, to take pleasure in his afflictions.
3, however, is to be understood as spoken not by 'Horace' himself but by Damasippus, relaying a lecture given by his Stoic guru Stertinius, it is these Stoics rather than 'Horace' himself who have taken over and who are in effect the authors of this monster satire.