stranger

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Stranger

A third person; anyone who is not a party to a particular legal action or agreement.

For example, all those who are not parties to a particular contract are considered strangers to the contract.

stranger

noun  alien, foreign person, hospes, newcomer, outsider, strange person, unknown person
See also: alien

STRANGER, persons, contracts. This word has several significations. 1. A person born out of the United States; but in this sense the term alien is more properly applied, until he becomes naturalized. 2. A person who is not privy to an act or contract; example, he who is a stranger to the issue, shall not take advantage of the verdict. Bro. Ab. Record, pl. 3; Vin. Ab. h.t. pl. 1 and vide Com. Dig. Abatement, H 54.
     2. When a man undertakes to do a thing, and a stranger interrupts him, this is no excuse. Com. Dig. Condition, L 14. When a party undertakes that a stranger shall do a certain thing, he becomes liable as soon as the stranger refuses to perform it. Bac. Ab. Conditions, Q 4.

References in classic literature ?
Then he shouted to his boys to come and kill the stranger.
The stranger reeled and came within an ace of falling, but regained his footing right quickly.
The stranger sat and drank his wine as long as he liked: your mother did ask him if he would take any more bread and he said he would not.
Another silence succeeded this short dialogue: which was again broken by the stranger.
Never mind,' said the stranger, cutting the address very short,
The stranger began to babble and made a prophecy concerning the child that lay in the arms of the agnostic.
And thou pratest like a coward," answered the stranger, "for thou standest there with a good yew bow to shoot at my heart, while I have nought in my hand but a plain blackthorn staff wherewith to meet thee.
When they separated Felix kissed the hand of the stranger and said, `Good night sweet Safie.
said the stranger, quickly, and cocking his eye at me.
The stranger looked at him again with a slight smile, and retiring from the window, came out of the hostelry with a slow step, and placed himself before the horse, within two paces of D'Artagnan.
The young girl turned pale and continued to descend, while the stranger and Cocles continued to mount the staircase.
All at once the stranger closed the book, putting in a marker, and again, leaning with his arms on the back of the sofa, sat in his former position with his eyes shut.