European Parliament

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European Parliament

the democratic assembly of the EUROPEAN UNION. Members are directly elected and are known as Members of the European Parliament (MEPs). They are elected by proportional representation, and the term is for five years. The Parliament exercises an advisory and supervisory role. It has some influence as a result of the Budgetary Treaty of 1970, and the Single European Act gave it added influence by extending the CODECISION PROCEDURE. The COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN UNION must reply to Members' questions, and the COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION has agreed to do so also. An elephant gun of control, existing in the power to pass a motion of censure on the Commission that, if passed, would force the Commission to resign, has been used once and improves the Parliament's influence over this body. Such a motion can be passed only after substantial procedural hurdles have been cleared. Parliament's budgetary powers allow it to modify obligatory expenditure under the Treaty and allow it to amend non-obligatory expenditure within a maximum set by the Commission. It must adopt the budget, and in 1979 exercised its power to reject it for important reasons, acting by a majority of members and two-thirds of the votes cast. Since the inter-institutional agreement of 1 July 1988, arrangements have been made to prevent the disruption that such action can have on Community finances. Along with the EUROPEAN COURT OF AUDITORS, the Parliament supervises the implementation of the budget. The Parliament has standing to institute action in the COURT OF JUSTICE against the Commission or the Council.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some German builders who stripped to the waist and protested outside the Strasbourg parliament.
They backed proposals in the Strasbourg Parliament to scrap Britain's opt-out from rules which ban anyone from working more than 48 hours a week.
Surveys indicate just 18% of Britons say they are certain to vote on June 10 to put MEPs into the Strasbourg Parliament.
Speaking exclusively to the Echo, Mr Hain said the issue of the Strasbourg parliament needs to be addressed.
So the new Strasbourg parliament building opened last week, at a cost of pounds 300 million.
After 30 years as a TD and in Europe, the 71-year-old is to step down from the Strasbourg parliament.
The Strasbourg Parliament was constructed at a cost of pounds 348 million in 1999.
Just 18pc of Britons say they are certain to vote on June 10 to put MEPs in the Strasbourg Parliament.
A law passed by the Strasbourg parliament yesterday included an obligation on manufacturers to improve labelling on hair dyes.