Stuprum


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STUPRUM, civ. law. The criminal sexual intercourse which took place between a man and a single woman, maid or widow, who before lived honestly. Inst. 4, 18, 4; Dig. 48, 5, 6; Id. 50, 16, 101; 1 Bouv. Inst. Theolo. ps. 3, quaest. 2, art. 2, p. 252.

References in periodicals archive ?
(54) The Sabine women and enslaved women could only ever suffer raptus--a crime consisting essentially in taking away another man's property--while only a woman with citizenship could suffer stuprum: one needs to have honor--a decidedly masculine quality that could nevertheless extend to related female citizens--for it to be tainted.
"Legislazione tardo antica romana dopo Costantino in materia di stuprum, adulterium e divortium", Comportamenti e immaginario della sessualita nell'Alto Medioevo.
En un principio, el termino stuprum fue tan amplio que abarcaba casi todas las figuras de los delitos sexuales, excepto las violentas; pero pronto el termino se fue concretando hasta significar solo relacion sexual con doncella o mujer soltera.
El presente articulo ofrece un analisis etimologico y lexicografico de los terminos crimen, scelus, stuprum, dolus y fraus, empleados en el contexto especifico de la pasion amorosa (ira amoris o furor amoris) en las obras Medea y Phaedra de Seneca.
In fact, from that 12th-century period when church doctrine began to be codified into canon law, the authors find specific references regarding the abuse of young boys, a practice known by the telling Latin term stuprum. (Put stuprum into its verb form and you get the more familiar infinitive "to stup.")
The significance of legally recognized unions in moral legislation was underscored by the legal definition of stuprum and its consequences under law where, the unsanctioned sexual conduct of unmarried women and widows was punished.
The Decretum includes a specific reference to the sexual violation of boys, probably meaning young adolescents, covered under the heading De Stuprum Pueri.
(14) For example: '"[r]ecourse should only be had to the infliction of pain on slaves when the criminal is [already] suspect, and is brought so close to being proved [guilty] by other evidence that the confession of his slaves appears to be the only thing lacking'" (Ulpian); (15) "[a] person who has made a confession on his own account shall not be tortured in a capital case affecting others" (Modestinus); (16) "in a case of stuprum [(unchastity)], slaves are not [to be] tortured [to give evidence] against their master" (Papinian); (17) interrogations under torture were not to be requested in every case, but only if a capital or more serious crime could not be vindicated and investigated in any way other than by torturing slaves (Paul).
This misspelling of stuprum suggests perhaps that the word was unfamiliar to the notary.
In Section III, I will further explore the central reason for the Roman identification of pederasty as an alien practice: not the younger partner's sex but his free-born status, because of which pederastic relationships constituted a traditionally disapproved behaviour often called stuprum. Others (Veyne and Cantarella included) have made this point, but I wish to highlight a fact that has not received adequate emphasis in the scholarship: pederasty was only one among several varieties of stuprum, and the ancient sources consistently fail to single it out as being any more reprehensible than other forms of stuprum.
Gellius Poplicola, who accused his son of stuprum with his stepmother; the son was acquitted however.
Some have discussed the significance of her use of Latin, but little has been said about her choice of the word "Stuprum." (33)