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Related to Stylohyoid ligament: Stylomandibular ligament
See: chain, nexus
References in periodicals archive ?
Correlation between ossification of the stylohyoid ligament and osteophytes of the cervical spine.
M An elongated styloid process accompanied by calcification of the stylohyoid ligament can compress the structures in the vicinity triggering a series of symptoms like foreign body sensation in the throat, pain when moving the head, vertigo, dysphagia, otalgia, facial pain, headache, tinnitus and trismus.
Key Words: Eagle's syndrome, styloid process, stylohyoid ligament.
Computed tomography (CT) of the neck with 3-dimensional reconstruction images was then obtained, which indicated that the patient had bilateral calcified stylohyoid ligaments to the level of the hyoid bone, with no other pathologic findings (figures 1 and 2).
Enlarged styloid processes or calcified stylohyoid ligament causing mass effect on the adjacent structures the nerves and vessels resulting in cervical and craniofacial pain along with other symptoms is stated as Eagle syndrome.
With the stylohyoid ligament and the small horn of the hyoid bone, the styloid process forms the stylohyoid apparatus, which arises embryonically from the Reichert cartilage of the second branchial arch.
Tethering of the anterior column may occur with either dysfunction of the TMJs or calcification of the stylohyoid ligament.
The stylohyoid chain extends between the temporal bone and hyoid bones and is divided into 4 sections; Tympanohyal-which forms the base of the styloid process, Stylohyal-which forms major portion of the styloid process, Ceratohyal-which forms the stylohyoid ligament, Hypohyal-which forms the minor horn of the hyoid bone.
Hamular bursitis (HB) can cause referred craniofacial pain, which may be disguised as temporomandibular disorders, impacted teeth, trigeminal and glossopha- ryngeal neuralgia, stylohyoid ligament calcification, stylomandibular ligament inflammation, tumors and otitis media.
1,2,4) Although Eagle syndrome is defined as an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament, the presence of these factors is not pathognomonic for Eagle syndrome, since an elongated or calcified styloid process may be found incidentally in many patients who are asymptomatic.
Between these two bones it becomes ligamentous and forms stylohyoid ligament.