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SUBSTITUTE, contracts. One placed under another to transact business for him; in letters of attorney, power is generally given to the attorney to nominate and appoint a substitute.
     2. Without such power, the authority given to one person cannot in general be delegated to another, because it is a personal trust and confidence, and is not therefore transmissible. The authority is given to him to exercise his judgment and discretion, and it cannot be said that the trust and confidence reposed in him shall be exercised at the discretion of another. 2 Atk. 88; 2 Ves. 645. But an authority may be delegated to another, when the attorney has express power to do so. Bunb. 166; T. Jones, 110. See Story, Ag. Sec. 13, 14. When a man is drawn in the militia, he may in some cases hire a substitute.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Imagine the conflict a substitute teacher would have as a board member enacting policies that affect the work environment.
While Abraham was not technically fired, the school district made it clear that he will no longer be employed to serve as a substitute teacher in any of the institutions under it.
No substitute shall be allowed for any independent candidate, said the poll body.
Substitute teachers for mathematics, physics, English, chemistry, biology, sciences, computer design and technology sciences, business administration, creative design and innovation will be paid Dh150 for each school period, with a weekly maximum of 30 school periods taught.
Former employees may need a personal connection to transition to substitute work, says Debra Pace, Brevard's associate superintendent for human resources services.
The engineered skin substitutes were composed of autologous cultured keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts attached to a collagen-based, biopolymer scaffold, Dr.
? Wayne Rooney's first four goals for Everton all came after stepping off the substitutes' bench.
These market leaders hold approximately a 60 percent share in the global sugar substitute market.
This has been achieved using salt substitutes, by creating texture-taste interactions, and by boosting intensity with flavor boosters or salty aromas.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A new study showed that synthetic fat substitutes used in low-calorie potato chips and other foods could backfire and contribute to weight gain and obesity.
Substitute teachers fill a low-profile and sometimes awkward role in education.