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Related to Subtalar joint: midtarsal joint


United; coupled together in interest; shared between two or more persons; not solitary in interest or action but acting together or in unison. A combined, undivided effort or undertaking involving two or more individuals. Produced by or involving the concurring action of two or more; united in or possessing a common relation, action, or interest. To share common rights, duties, and liabilities.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj., adv. referring to property, rights or obligations which are united, undivided and shared by two or more persons or entities. Thus, a joint property held by both cannot be effectively transferred unless all owners join in the transaction. If a creditor sues to collect a joint debt, he/she must include all the debtors in the lawsuit, unless the debt is specifically "joint and several," meaning anyone of the debtors may be individually liable. Therefore, care must be taken in drafting deeds, sales agreements, promissory notes, joint venture agreements, and other documents. A joint tenancy is treated specially, since it includes the right of the survivor to get the entire property when the other dies (right of survivorship). (See: joint tenancy, joint and several, joint venture, tenancy in common)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

JOINT. United, not separate; as, joint action, or one which is brought by several persons acting together; joint bond, a bond given by two or more obligors.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Matsumoto, "Correlation between knee and hindfoot alignment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: The effects of subtalar joint destruction," Modern Rheumatology, vol.
A pain free foot deformity like hyperpronation, recurrent ankle sprains, or a stiff subtalar joint, especially in adolescent dance students, should raise clinical suspicion and justify referral to an orthopaedic surgeon for further analysis.
Hyer, "Evans osteotomy and risk to subtalar joint articular facets and sustentaculum tali: a cadaver study," Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, vol.
When a suitable barrier is engaged, high velocity low amplitude thrust is applied with your proximal hand to gap the subtalar joint. Retest motion.
At midstance, if the subtalar joint is pronated the foot will be unstable and ill prepared for propulsion.
Unshod cultures have better developed lower extremities, and make better use of their subtalar joint, the three-dimensional motion of which can convert vertical force into horizontal force upon landing.
Three fractures were extra-articular and one extended into the posterior facet of the subtalar joint. We attempted to classify the fractures as proposed previously [2,11] but neither classification proved to be applicable in all cases.
These morphological variations of calcaneal facets may predispose to the development of arthritic changes in the subtalar joint. [8] Variations in the talar facets of calcanei are important because they influence subtalar joint stability.
The exclusion criteria were (1) diffusive degenerative joint changes; (2) inflammatory arthritis or chronic inflammatory disease; (3) history of infection; (4) malalignment of ankle and hindfoot; (5) nonreconstructable defect; (6) body mass index > 30 kg/[m.sup.2]; (7) central or lateral lesion; and (8) subtalar joint involvement.
However, except for these rare cases three pairs of subtalar joint facets and the posterior facet are separated from the middle facets by the sulcus tali on the talus and the sulcus calcanei.