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The act of withdrawing from membership in a group.

Secession occurs when persons in a country or state declare their independence from the ruling government. When a dissatisfied group secedes, it creates its own form of government in place of the former ruling government. Secessions are serious maneuvers that lead to, or arise from, military conflict.

A secession can affect international relationships as well as the civil peace of the nation from which a group secedes. Most countries consider secession by a town, city, province, or other body to be a criminal offense that warrants retaliation using force. Because the primary mission of most governments is to maximize the comfort and wealth of its citizens, nations jealously guard the land and wealth that they have amassed. In rare cases a government may recognize the independence of a seceding state. This recognition may occur when other countries support the independence of the seceding state. However, for most countries, the involuntary loss of land and wealth is unthinkable.

Most countries have laws that punish persons who secede or attempt to secede. The United States has no specific law on secession, but the federal government and state governments maintain laws that punish Sedition and other forms of insurrection against the government. On the federal level, for example, chapter 115 of title 18 of the U.S. Code Annotated identifies Treason, rebellion, or insurrection, seditious conspiracy, and advocation of the overthrow of the government as criminal offenses punishable by several years of imprisonment and thousands of dollars in fines. These are the types of crimes that can be charged against persons who attempt to secede from the United States.

The U.S. Civil War was the result of the single most ambitious secession in the history of the United States. In February 1861 South Carolina seceded from the Union, and Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, Arkansas, and Tennessee followed suit shortly thereafter. These states seceded because they objected to attempts by the federal government to abolish the enslavement of black people. The mass secession led to four years of civil war and the death of hundreds of thousands of people. The seceding states established their own government called the Confederate States of America and fought the U.S. military forces with their own army. When the Confederate forces were defeated in April 1865, the seceding states rejoined the United States.


U.S. Civil War.

See: desertion, expiration, lapse, relinquishment, resignation, revolt, schism
References in periodicals archive ?
1976) described the ductus sucession from the seminiferous tubules to the ductus deferens papilla, as well the microscopy of the epididymal region and ductus deferens in turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).
314]; Memorial de la Casa y sucession del Conde de Castro D.
Stanley are just three points above the relegation zone after suffering six league defeats in sucession.
Patients at his Glasgow practice are told Dr Apiliga is "unavailable" and are seen by a sucession of stand-in locums instead.
This ongoing sucession of stop-gap measures, coupled with the difficulties flowing from the exchange-rate and sterling reserve relationship with Australia, finally prompted action.
Souness, 52, moved into the house in 1988, two years after he began rebuilding the then failing Rangers side with a sucession of top-level signings.
PISA, Francisco de (1605) Descripcion de la Imperial Civdad de Toledo, y Historia de sus antiguedades, y grandeza, y cosas memorables que en ella han acontecido, de los Reyes que la han senoreado, y gouernado en sucession de tiempos: y de los Arcobispos de Toledo, principalmente de los mascelebrados.
Come on all you MPs and AMs, you must realise it's time for you to grasp the nettle and stop this madness - a whole sucession of you have refused to accept the inevitable.
Y sucessos notables de Portugal en su tiempo, published a year earlier, and in the two works that came out in 1639 in Madrid, the Vida y acciones del Rey don Juan el Segundo, and Sucession del Rey Don Filipe segundo en la corona de Portugal.
The death of Syrian President Hafiz al-Asad soon thereafter and the sucession of his son delayed resumption of the talks.
Hard-and-fast rules do not exist when it comes to sucession planning.