addition

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addition

a title following a person's name, the most common still in use being Esquire. Such a title can be claimed by none and assumed by anyone. The mysterious-sounding additions of mystery were in fact of occupation, like painter or printer.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

ADDITION. Whatever is added to a man's name by way of title, as additions of estate, mystery, or place. 10 Went. Plead. 871; Salk. 6; 2 Lord Ray. 988; :1 WUS. 244, 5.
     2. Additions of an estate or quality are esquire, gentleman, and the like; these titles can however be claimed by none, and may be assumed by any one. In Nash v. Battershy (2 Lord Ray. 986 6 Mod. 80,) the plaintiff declared with the addition of gentleman. The defendant pleaded in abatement that the plaintiff was no gentleman. The plaintiff demurred, and it was held ill; for, said the court, it amounts to a confession that the plaintiff is no gentleman, and then not the person named in the count. He should have replied that he is a gentleman.
     3. Additions of mystery are such as scrivener, painter, printer, manufacturer, &c.
     4. Additions of places are descriptions by the place of residence, as A. B. of Philadelphia and the like. See Bac. Ab. b. t.; Doct. Pl. 71; 2 Vin. Abr. 77; 1 Lilly's Reg. 39; 1 Metc. R. 151.
     5. At common law there was no need of addition in any case, 2 Lord Ray. 988; it was, required only by Stat. 1 H. 5. c. 5, in cases where process of outlawry lies. In all other cases it is only a description of the person, and common reputation is sufficient. 2 Lord Ray. 849. No addition is necessary in a Homine Replegiando. 2 Lord Ray. 987; Salk. 5; 1 Wils. 244, 6; 6 Rep. 67.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
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Under the assumption that x provides a rate of return on self-protection at least as large as y, this summand is negative.
Similarly, recalling that [P.sub.b] has the same parity as b and degree [less than or equal to]3b, each summand [k.sup.-b/2][P.sub.b]([a.sub.k0], [a.sub.k1]) in (116) gives rise to an asymptotic expansion in terms of the form
These errors are logarithmically accumulating to form a summand [[??].sup.(m)](r, N, [tau]) estimation error [[epsilon].sup.m.sub.[PHI]](r, N, [tau]),
We call the (*)-subalgebra [mathematical expression not reproducible] of A, the minimal free summand of A containing a.
The equation maximizes the expected revenues, and consists of two summands:
Applying a fixed discount rate r, e.g., representing a minimal attractive rate of return, and a depreciation schedule, we can collect all the summands related to the investment capital: [C.sub.K]K, where [C.sub.K] is a capital-related constant dependent on depreciation, taxation, asset life, and discount rate.
where [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] means the internal degrees of the subgraph [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], which means the external degrees of the subgraph [G.sub.i]; each summand means the ratio between the difference of the internal and external degrees of the subgraph [G.sub.i] and the size of the subgraph.
The first summand of (3) characterizes IL-1 synthesis rates during the interaction between monocytes/macrophages and bacteria taking into consideration the effect of IL-1 synthesis inhibition at elevated cortisol levels.
Using moreover (94), one can see that there is a unique summand in (113) which involves the factor [v.sup.3.sub.3], namely the summand
The first summand is a right circulant matrix because the powers of LCIR[C.sub.n]([??]) are even while the second summand is a left circulant matrix because the powers of LCIRC([??]) are odd.
In the sequential way, we apply the evolution rules separately on each summand of the configuration.