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SUMMONERS. Petty officers who cite men to appear in any court.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The conclusion of The Friar's Tale, in which the summoner fails, the widow succeeds, and the demon profits, results from the characters' ability (or inability) to recognize and to negotiate the competing discursive fields of the narrative.
(40) "Letter and Gloss in the Friar's and Summoner's Tales," Journal of Narrative Technique 2 (1972): 210.
While it has been argued that The Friar's Tale is a theological exemplum that has the summoner damn himself to hell because of his "unregenerate will,"(41) in my view Hubert's tale embodies a cultural anxiety concerning the nature of changing social and economic relations as mediated by new forms of legal alliance that were superceding traditional feudal relationships.
Haselmayer spells out the duties of the summoner's or "apparitor's" office in "The Apparitor and Chaucer's Summoner," Speculum 12 (1937): 43-57.
(16) Janette Richardson, for example, calls the summoner "unutterably dense but realistic" in Blameth Nat Me: A Study of Imagery in Chaucer's Fabliaux (The Hague: Mouton, 1970), 82, while Derek Pearsall maintains "that every aspect of the story exposes the stupidity, the shallow cunning, the inane vanity of the summoner" (The Canterbury Tales [London: George Allen and Unwin, 1985], 219).
(23) Constance Hieatt notes that the corrupt summoner's invocation of St.
See also Fleming, The Summoner's Prologue' for an extended analysis of Chaucer's parodic inversion of the vision reported by Caesarius.
Dominican) of 'grit renown' (126), (19) and whose name suggests a possible allusion to The Summoner's Tale.
At first glance, it would seem that The Freiris of Bernik--like The Summoner's Tale--is pointedly anti-fraternal in character.
But while its depictions of Freir Robert and Freir Johine are certainly ironic, the tale holds back from the kind of satirical attack on friars in general which we see in The Summoner's Tale.
(10) For further discussion of the anti-fraternalism of The Summoner's Tale, see John V.
For an entire month, online gaming fans throughout the world will be enthralled by sixteen of the world's best League of Legends teams as they outplay each other to win the Summoner's Cup.