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n. 1) a person acting on behalf of another or a substitute, including a woman who gives birth to a baby of a mother who is unable to carry the child. 2) a judge in some states (notably New York) responsible only for probates, estates, and adoptions.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

SURROGATE. In some of the states, as in New Jersey, this is the name of an officer who has jurisdiction in granting letters testamentary and letters of administration.
     2. In some states, as in Pennsylvania, this officer is called register of wills and for granting letters, of administration in others, as in Massachusetts, he is called judge of probates.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is where the principle of surrogation intersects with the workings of authority.
Brooks, "'All That You Can't Leave Behind': Black Female Soul Singing and the Politics of Surrogation in the Age of Catastrophe," Representin ': Women, Hip-Hop, and Popular Music, Janell Hobson and R.
I'm going to turn it over to Kirsty and "surrogation".
This substitution may not plumb the depths of national collective memory that Joseph Roach identifies with surrogation, the drive to fill gaps, inconsistencies, or outright contradictions in "perceived social relations" through performance.
In Joseph Roach's terms, this is a process of surrogation in which the incoming candidate wrestles with what is forgotten but not gone (although in Stratford, little is ever forgotten).
(26) Boyle's use of African-American storytelling as a frame was part of a larger white cultural phenomenon Joseph Roach terms a "surrogation" of African-American culture; her critique of white Southern masculinity was thus effected through African means, but by containing and redirecting the cultural force of African folklore's narrative content and form.
My argument here may appear to be more concerned with performance generally than theatre specifically; however, it will become clear that race and gender were enacted and imagined through what Joseph Roach terms "effigying," a process of surrogation or substitution that "evoke[s] an absence" and "fills by means of surrogation a vacancy created by the absence of an original" (36).
The article uses Joseph Roach's notion of "surrogation"--"the enactment of cultural memory by substitution" (1966, 80) to explore how communities continually changing societal values.
For Hopkins, Visscher's view also epitomizes how mappings came to function as "the substitution for, or surrogation of, performance," in contrast to medieval mappings which "presumed that the map would precede or produce a particular performance," such as travel (97).
Kyd implies that the power of the theater is the power of surrogation: the ability to spin out a potentially infinite chain of metonymic displacements that echo each other (Hieronimo's/Horatio's/Andrea's/Bel-imperia's handkerchief, Veronica cloth, sudarium, linteum, Host, Christ).(56) In the case of the handkerchief, the connecting thread is blood.
Diana Taylor provides an additional, suggestive framework within which to think about adaptation in her critique of Joseph Roach's concept of surrogation, in the context of a discussion of cultural memory and trauma.