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Related to Systolic blood pressure: Diastolic blood pressure
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In the present study, those women who had a lower income level and had higher systolic blood pressure values could be assumed to experience such feelings more frequently than others.
When the researchers combined the DASH diet with the low-sodium diet and compared participants' blood pressures to those on the high-sodium control diet, they found that the group with less than 130 systolic blood pressure at baseline had a 5 mm Hg reduction in systolic blood pressure; the group with 130-139 mm Hg baseline systolic blood pressure had a 7 mm Hg reduction; and the group with baseline systolic blood pressure between 140-149 had a 10 mm Hg reduction.
Blood pressure in the men who drank the beetroot juice reduced over 24 hours, with systolic blood pressure 7.7 mmHg lower and diastolic blood pressure 5.2 mmHg lower.
The Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT), a large RCT, found that targeting systolic blood pressures below 120 mm Hg (compared with a target below 140 mm Hg) in middle-aged and older patients with increased cardiovascular risk reduced a composite outcome that included cardiovascular death by 25%.
"In stratified analyses, we saw no strong evidence that proportional effects were diminished in trials that included people with lower baseline systolic blood pressure (less than 130 mm Hg), and major cardiovascular events were clearly reduced in high-risk patients with various baseline comorbidities," the investigators wrote.
The participants were assigned to either a systolic blood pressure treatment goal of 135 to 139 mmHg (standard therapy) or an intensive treatment goal of less than 120 mmHg.
Overall, the authors found no significant differences between CPAP and mandibular advancement devices in the associated changes in systolic or diastolic blood pressure, although they noted that CPAP showed the strongest association with systolic blood pressure reductions.
Results from the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial, or SPRINT, were published in the New England Journal of Medicine, showing 27 percent fewer deaths and 38 percent fewer cases of heart failure among participants whose systolic pressure was lowered to 120, rather than the recommended 140.
What to do: Keep your systolic blood pressure at 120 or below using a healthy DASH lower-salt diet (see March 2015, cover story) and, if necessary, medication.
Key clinical point: Childhood atopic dermatitis was associated with central obesity and high systolic blood pressure.
Patients with systolic blood pressure levels between 140 and 159 mm Hg are considered stage 1.
PURPOSE: To verify the effects of thalassotherapy on the behaviour of arterial systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and heart rate in controlled hypertense individuals.