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In Common-Law Pleading or Code Pleading, the initial statements made by a plaintiff that set forth a Cause of Action to commence a civil lawsuit; the different points of a plaintiff's declaration, each of which constitute a basis for relief. In Criminal Procedure, one of several parts or charges of an indictment, each accusing the defendant of a different offense.

The term count has been replaced by the word complaint in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and many state codes of civil procedure. Sometimes count is used to denote the numbered paragraphs of a complaint, each of which sets out an essential element of the claim.

Federal and state rules of criminal procedure govern the standards that a criminal count must satisfy in federal and state criminal matters.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. each separate statement in a complaint which states a cause of action which, standing alone, would give rise to a lawsuit), or each separate charge in a criminal action. For example, the complaint in a civil (non-criminal) lawsuit might state: First Count (or cause of action) for negligence, and then state the detailed allegations; Second Count for breach of contract, Third Count for debt, and so forth. In a criminal case each count would be a statement of a different alleged crime. There are also so-called common counts which cover various types of debt. (See: common counts)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


a paragraph in an indictment containing a distinct and separate charge.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

COUNT, pleading. This word, derived from the French conte, a narrative, is in our old law books used synonymously with declaration but practice has introduced the following distinction: when the plaintiff's complaint embraces only a single cause of action, and he makes only one statement of it, that statement is called, indifferently, a declaration or count; though the former is the more usual term.
    2. But when the suit embraces two or more causes of action, (each of which of course requires a different statement;) or when the plaintiff makes two or more different statements of one and the same cause of action, each several statement is called a count, and all of them, collectively, constitute the declaration.
    3. In all cases, however, in which there are two or more counts, whether there is actually but one cause of action or several, each count purports, upon the face of it, to disclose a distinct right of action, unconnected with that stated in any of the other counts.
    4. One object proposed, in inserting two or more counts in one declaration, when there is in fact but one cause of action, is, in some cases, to guard against the danger of an insufficient statement of the cause, where a doubt exists as to the legal sufficiency of one or another of two different modes of declaring; but the more usual end proposed in inserting more than one count in such case, is to accommodate the statement to the cause, as far as may be, to the possible state of the proof to be exhibited on trial; or to guard, if possible, against the hazard of the proofs varying materially from the statement of the cause of action; so that if one or more or several counts be not adapted to the evidence, some other of them may be so. Gould on Pl. c. 4, s. 2, 3, 4; Steph. Pl. 279; Doct. Pl. 1 78; 8 Com. Dig. 291; Dane's Ab. Index, h.t.; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t. In real actions, the declaration is most usually called a count. Steph. Pl. 36, See Common count; Money count.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pese a esto Uribe no tuvo exito en su solicitud de negociar un TLC bilateral: el gobierno de Estados Unidos respondio proponiendo el acuerdo plurilateral, desligando de entrada los compromisos en el campo politico, de lucha contra el terrorismo y el narcotrafico, frente a los compromisos comerciales propios del TLC.
Thus, we concluded that, in smokers, ESR and TLC increased significantly.
Both groups, including [FEV.sub.1]/FVC <70% and [FEV.sub.3]/FVC < LLN subjects, had significantly increased hyperinflation and air trapping with regard to RV, RV/TLC, TLC compared to [FEV.sub.1]/FVC [greater than or equal to]70% and [FEV.sub.3]/FVC [greater than or equal to] LLN groups, respectively.
Our expanded TLC formulations offer the best protection in the industry, and have been rigorously tested to endure even the most severe heat and cold extremes."
As for endurance, this graph shows how TLC, MLC, and SLC stack up.
Ian Williams, TLC coordinator for Yorkshire North & East Riding, said the charity aimed to relieve the distress and suffering of patients, particularly children, who were attending or admitted to A&E units at hospitals.
"Today marks a new era in our Turkish business, as we close our deal with Dogus Media Group to acquire CNBC-e and announce the launch of TLC -- Discovery's leading lifestyle and entertainment channel brand and first free to air channel in the growing Turkish market.
It's not just TLC that has decided that silence is golden when it comes to the controversy.
TLC fell into regulatory hot water during the fourth quarter of 2014, when its net worth fell from 6.31% to -0.77%.
TLC's roles on both projects include enhancing the indoor environment of the airport, providing passengers with comfortable and safe travel experiences, along with seamless movement through secured areas, complying with Customs and Border Patrol, Transportation Security Administration and other strict requirements.
Few people doing HPLC today have had much, if any, experience using TLC. This might be because most HPLC users were not trained as chromatographers, but have adapted the technique out of necessity.
NEW YORK -- The TLC network on Friday canceled its colorful series about child beauty pageant contestant Honey Boo Boo and her Georgia family.