tail

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Tail

Limited, abridged, reduced, or curtailed.

An estate in tail is a legally recognizable interest of inheritance that goes to the heirs of the donee's body instead of descending to the donee's heirs generally. The heirs of the donee's body are his or her lawful issue (children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and so on, in a direct line for as long as the descendants endure in a regular order and course of descent). Upon the death of the first owner to die without issue, the estate tail ends.

Cross-references

Entail.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

tail

the limitation of an estate or interest to a person and the heirs of his body, or an estate or interest limited in this way.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

TAIL. An estate tail is an estate of inheritance, to a man or a woman and his or her heirs of his or her body, or heirs of his body of a particular description, or to several persons and the heirs of their bodies, or the heirs generally or specially of the body or bodies of one person, or several bodies. Prest. on Estates, 355; Cruise, tit. 2, c. 1, s. 12.
     2. Estates tail, as qualified "in their limitation and extent, are of several sorts. They have different denominations, according to the circumstances under which, or the persons to whom they are limited. They are usually divided into estates tail general or special.
     3. But they may be more advantageously arranged under the following classes.
     4.-1. As to the extent of the degree to which the estates may descend, they are, 1st, general; 2d, qualified.
     5.-2. As to the sex of the person who may succeed, they are, 1st. General, as extending to males or females of the body, without exception. 2d. Special, as admitting only one sex to the succession, and excluding the other sex.
     6.-3. As to the person by whom or by whose body those heirs are to be begotten, they are either, 1st. General, as to all the heirs of the body of a man or woman. 2d. Special, as to the heirs of the body of a man or woman begotten by a particular person, or to the heirs of the two bodies of a man and woman. On the several species of estates tail noticed under this division, it may be observed, that the same estate may at the same time, be general in one respect; as, for example, to all the heirs of the body in whatever degree they are related; and may be, special in another respect, as that these heirs shall be males, &c. Prest. on Estates, 383, 4.
     7. The law relating to entails is diversified in the several states. In Indiana and Louisiana they never existed they are unknown in Illinois and Vermont. In Ohio, Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, and New York, estates tail are converted into estates in fee simple by statute; and they may be barred by a simple conveyance in Pennsylvania. In Alabama, Missouri, Mississippi, New Jersey, Connecticut and North Carolina, they have been modified, and in Georgia, they have been abolished without reservation. Griff. Reg. h.t. Vide, generally, 8 Vin. Ab. 227 to 272; 10 Id. 257 to 269; 20 Id. 163; Bac. Ab. Estate in tail; 4 Com. Dig. 17; 4 Kent, Com. 12; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; and. 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 188, where an attempt is made to prove that an estate resembling an estate tail was not unknown to the Romans.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Water flows in tail-end areas of Badin have not improved yet as irrigation authorities claim they have reduced flows in Rohri Canal as a precautionary measure due to ongoing monsoon season and ongoing rains.
Growers informed the Governor about their problems and requirments including provision of solar tube wells, non-availability of water to tail-end growers, sale of fake pesticides and other issues.
Although Tail-End Charlies contains 22 photographs, it offers no maps or appendices of bomber and crew losses, bomb tonnages, sorties flown, targets hit, and the like.
They made it clear that unless those blockages were removed, water flows could never be regulated in the tail-end areas of the district.
By Wednesday until Friday, PAGASA said the diffused tail-end of cold front will affect eastern part of Mindanao, while another tail-end of cold front will be approaching extreme Northern Luzon.
The Northern Mindanao and CARAGA province will have cloudy skies with scattered rainshowers and thunderstorms due to the tail-end of cold front, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Pagasa) said in its 4 a.m.
The state weather bureau said the low-pressure area and the tail-end of a cold front would bring moderate to occasionally heavy rains and thunderstorms in the Visayas and Bicol region.
HYDERABAD -- The Hyderabad circuit bench of the Sindh High Court on Friday ordered formation of a committee to re-examine all direct outlets emanating from Rohri Canal and directed Sindh chief secretary to ensure deployment of Rangers at the canal's tail-end areas.
SUJAWAL -- The local growers and leaders of different organization of Sujawal led by Qadir Bux Laghari, Sultan Khoso, Abdul Rasheed Palipoto and others took out a protest rally against the shortage of water in the tail-end areas which started from Mureed Khoso and after marching through different routes culminated outside the DC office.
'Let's see whether the irrigation water reach the tail-end areas once the canals are provided with the required quantity of water during the crop cultivation of Kharif season" he argued.
BADIN/MIRPURKHAS -- A large number of local farmers took out a rally from Kadhan Town to Badin City headquarters on Sunday to protest against, 'what they said,' artificial water shortage of water in tail-end areas of Badin district.
Several local flights have been canceled due to the inclement weather brought by a low pressure area and the tail-end of a cold front, the Manila International Airport Authority (Miaa) announced Sunday