Duty

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Duty

A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

duty

n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bureau of the Census (1975, Series U 207-12, 888.) Note: The average tariff rate is calculated as the ratio of the value of duties collected to the value of total dutiable imports.
On 31 August, Zoellick announced the elimination of the tariff rate quota scheme from 15 November 2001 and an additional industry assistance package of US$42.7 million.
we note that the optimal tariff rates of the non-union for given values of the tariff rates for the union and of the union for given values of the tariff rates for the non-union are as follows: Reaction of the Non-union Union Tariff Rate Optimal Non-union Tariff Rate 0 11 20 6 Reaction of the Union Non-union Tariff Rate Optimal Union Rate 0 22 20 13
Q: What is a surcharge and how is it related to tariff rate adjustment?
The tariff reduction rate is also high for similar industries under AFTA, and for the tariff reduction rate in Thailand the top industries and tariff rate were similar under both ACFTA and AFTA.
The administration's plan gave an extra tariff protection against the existing level of lamb imports, imposed high tariff rates closer to the ASI demands on the above-quota imports, and set a slightly slower rate of increase for the tariff quota than the ITC plan.
What is of interest to policymakers in this situation is the response of domestic output and imports to a given tariff rate.
'The government must then immediately notify the WTO of our tariffication decision and tariff rates, MAV [minimum access volume] commitment, and the designation of rice as an SSG-eligible product,' it added.
If the DTI does act on it, the agency would still have to reconcile the discrepancy between DTI and TC's recommended tariff rates.
As per the sources, India's Mundra Ultra Power Coal Project (4,000MW), with a tariff rate of Indian INR2.64/Kwh is far cheaper than Pakistani plants.
As such, the current average base tariff rate would remain unchanged at 39.45 sen per kilowatt hour (kWh).