Duty

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Duty

A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

duty

n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Analysing the data and using product classifications from World Integrated Trade Solutions (WITS), Pakistan imposes higher tariff rates on the imports of finished goods than several other Asian countries such as China, India and Vietnam.
The underlying premise of the endogenous tariff theory (Brock and Magee, 1978; Findlay and Wellisz, 1982) is that "political decisions on tariff rates are reflections of the selfish economic interests of voters, lobbying groups, politicians, or other decision makers in trade policy matters" (Mayer, 1984, p.
CLA director Ben Underwood said: "Whereas many feel they have missed the boat on solar PV when the tariff rates were slashed, the massive fall in technology costs has now put this scheme back on track.
The new tariff rates are to be submitted by the Ministry of Justice with the Council of Ministers for approval.
Anglo American PLC (AAL.LN), a global diversified mining company, has secured long-term tariff rates for its Brazilian iron ore project.
The economic reason for this result hinges on the correlation between tariff rates and import demand elasticities.
A less honorable explanation is that tariff rates were kept high by corrupt government officials precisely because they forced importers to find a way around them.
Tariff rates in Zimbabwe have been increased significantly by two GSM network operators in the country.
Even as tariff rates have fallen, other forms of protection appear to have gone up.
Figure 1 presents tariff rates between 1855 and 1910, both as a percentage of dutiable imports and as a percentage of all imports.
The paper quoted Ke as saying that imports increased as China moved to fulfill its commitments to widen market access to foreign commodities by reducing tariff rates on agricultural products.
has been the major supplier of malting barley and malt to Mexico, in part because of the favorable tariff rates negotiated under NAFTA.