Innovation

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INNOVATION. Change of a thing established for something new.
     2. Innovations are said to be dangerous, as likely to unsettle the common law. Co. Litt. 370, b; Id. 282, b. Certainly no innovations ought to be made by the courts, but as every thing human, is mutable, no legislation can be, or ought to be immutable; changes are required by the alteration of circumstances; amendments, by the imperfections of all human institutions but laws ought never to be changed without great deliberation, and a due consideration of the reasons on which they were founded, as of the circumstances under which they were enacted. Many innovations have been made. in the common law, which philosophy, philanthropy and common sense approve. The destruction of the benefit of clergy; of appeal, in felony; of trial by battle and ordeal; of the right of sanctuary; of the privilege to abjure the realm; of approvement, by which any criminal who could, in a judicial combat, by skill, force or fraud kill his accomplice, secured his own pardon of corruption of blood; of constructive treason; will be sanctioned; by all wise men, and none will desire a return to these barbarisms. The reader is referred to the case of James v. the Commonwealth, 12 Serg. & R. 220, and 225 to 2 Duncan, J., exposes the absurdity of some ancient laws, with much sarcasm.

INNOVATION, Scotch law. The exchange of one obligation for another, so that the second shall come in the place of the first. Bell's Scotch Law Dict. h. t. The same as Novation. (q. v.)

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Daron Acemoglu, author of Why Nations Fail, argued that technological innovation and economic growth only come about if societies gain more liberty against the governing institutions that rule them.
Such projects will lead to affordable technological innovations in focus areas of mutual interest such as water, agriculture, energy and digital technologies.
Weiss shows there is no way to explain American technological innovation without attention to the catalytic role of the government and, in particular, the wide-ranging combination of national government entities she terms the "National Security State" or NSS.
Fusfeld asserts that these seven elements inarguably support his proposition that the United States leads in technological innovation. Just as important is his view that the US advantage does not arise from one single element but benefits from the synergy of all the elements.
In essence, the widespread application of technology has become an important factor in structuring an industry, with technological innovation providing a competitive advantage for a company.
Despite the complexity of managing the technological innovation, because innovation can occur in many forms and places, the technological profile of the companies have to be considered as a strategy because the company needs to keep its technological profile according to the compatibilization of the desired innovation (LOPES, 2011).
At the same time conventional technologies have also been optimized to recycle waste and reduce environmental impact and, in the last five years, technological innovation has also tended to incorporate automated and robotic systems which, however, face challenges due to several characteristics inherent in foods.
The 22 papers in this collection, Technological Innovation and Case Studies in Marine and Land Archaeology in the Adriatic Region and Inland, originally were presented during the 7th International Conference on Science, Arts and Culture held in August 2007 in Croatia.
Key words: fiscality, technological innovation, entrepreneurial creativity
Among the enterprises with technological innovation activity, 77.3% reported that innovation was highly important for improving the quality of their goods and services; 66.4% for replacing outdated products or processes; 64.4% for improving their production flexibility; 63.4% for increasing the range of their goods or services; 62.0% for increasing their market share; 61.4% for increasing their capacity for producing goods or services; 45.1% for entering new markets; 40.5% for improving health and safety.
Summary: LONDON - The UAE is interested in close international partnerships incorporating the latest technological innovation. This was revealed at the World High Tech Forum: Focus UAE, which took place in London last week.

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