National Association of Broadcasters

(redirected from Television Code)
Also found in: Financial.

National Association of Broadcasters

The National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) is comprised of representatives of radio and television stations and networks. The NAB, which has a membership of 7,500, seeks to ensure the viability, strength, and success of free over-the-air broadcasters (companies that do not charge customers for service, as do cable and satellite television operators). It serves as an information resource to the industry, and it also lobbies the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for regulations favorable to the radio and television industry. The NAB is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with a staff of approximately 165 employees.

The organization was founded in 1922, when radio broadcasting was in its infancy. Founded as the National Association of Radio Broadcasters, it changed its name to the National Association of Radio and Television Broadcasters in 1951, when it absorbed the Television Broadcasters Association. In 1958 it changed its name to the National Association of Broadcasters. In 1985 it absorbed the Daytime Broadcasters Association, and in 1986 it absorbed the National Radio Broadcasters Association.

The NAB seeks to maintain a favorable legal, governmental, and technological climate for free over-the-air broadcasting. Its legal and regulatory department represents broadcasters before the FCC and other federal agencies, as well as before courts and other regulatory bodies. This department provides legal guidance to NAB members through "counsel memos," legal memoranda that identify and explain current legal issues for broadcasters.

The NAB opposes legislation that would require broadcasters to provide free air time to political candidates. In addition, it is opposed to discounting the commercial rates stations charge to candidates, contending that broadcasters now provide candidates with heavily discounted air time.

Because the NAB represents the interests of free over-the-air broadcasters, it has sought to protect the industry from the inroads made by cable and satellite television. For example, as TV viewers in rural areas began to buy home satellite equipment, Congress passed laws in 1988 and 1994, with the encouragement of the NAB, that restrict access to network programming sent by satellite only to those viewers who live outside the local market of over-the-air network affiliates. By 1997 satellite operators and the NAB were in court, because the NAB sought to end the practice of some operators who flout the law and provide network signals to satellite subscribers who are already served by their local network affiliates.

Aside from Lobbying and bringing legal actions, the NAB provides members with other benefits. Its research library contains ten thousand volumes, and its staff includes experts in science and technology and research and planning. For its members, the NAB publishes a monthly newsletter, NAB World, as well as the weekly publications RadioWeek and TV Today. The NAB annual spring convention is the world's largest showcase for broadcast, postproduction multimedia and Telecommunications hardware, software, and services. The convention draws more than 100,000 attendees.

In order to educate citizens in the United States about the principles of free speech and other topics concerning the industry, the NAB started the NAB Education Foundation. The foundation conducts research and education activities on issues such as First Amendment rights relating to program content, editorial opinions, and commercial speech. The foundation also provides economic data regarding advertiser-supported broadcasting, examines the impact of new technologies on the industry and the public, and seeks to train, with an emphasis on diversity, new leaders in the broadcasting field.

Further readings

National Association of Broadcasters. Available online at <www.nab.org> (accessed July 28, 2003).

Cross-references

Broadcasting; Telecommunications; Television.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Members of SAG-AFTRA on Thursday voted to ratify its "Network Television Code," with 93% of the vote in favor of the new contract.
The National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) then adopted the "family viewing hour" as part of its self-regulatory Television Code, limiting the times that certain types of content could be shown (Persky 1977).
to develop a set of voluntary programming guidelines similar to those contained in the Television Code of the National Association of Broadcasters." (29)
Violence has a major focus in the Free-to-Air Television Code of Practice and the complaint was determined against two standards which read:
(He presides over the Pacific Jewish Center in Venice, California, which attempts to draw secular Jews back to a religious life-style.) Medved basked in the warm glow of the evangelicals' fascination with him and lamented Hollywood's alleged portrayal of religious people as if "we all have hair on our arms and clothes from K-Mart." Medved praised the pressure tactics of Ted Baehr's Christian Film and Television Commission, a coalition of evangelical broadcasters who seek reinstatement of the old "Motion Picture and Television Code" as the first step in their drive to control artistic expression.
The National Association of Broadcasters' (NAB) Radio Code existed for over fifty years, while the Television Code was in effect for about thirty years.
Until 1982, the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) Television Code provided a major influence on broadcast advertising practice.
Prior to 1982, the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) had established radio and television codes of conduct that effectively kept liquor ads off the air.
Yet if it is decided the Internet should be free of legislation, the necessity of television codes of practice could be brought into question.
More recently, Lesher Communications Inc., publisher of four East Bay dailies, sued the Chronicle to obtain rights to "Peanuts," "Garfield" and listings of VCR Plus television codes. That 1992 lawsuit was settled in May.
l A party election broadcast by the British National Party during this year's European Elections did not breach television codes because it did not refer to race or immigration, the ITC said.

Full browser ?