tenure

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Tenure

A right, term, or mode of holding or occupying something of value for a period of time.

In feudal law, the principal mode or system by which a person held land from a superior in exchange for the rendition of service and loyalty to the grantor.

The status given to an educator who has satisfactorily completed teaching for a trial period and is, therefore, protected against summary dismissal by the employer.

A length of time during which an individual has a right to occupy a public or private office.

In a general sense, the term tenure describes the length of time that a person holds a job, position, or something of value. In the context of academic employment, tenure refers to a faculty appointment for an indefinite period of time. When an academic institution gives tenure to an educator, it gives up the right to terminate that person without good cause.

In medieval England, tenure referred to the prevailing system of land ownership and land possession. Under the tenure system, a landholder, called a tenant, held land at the will of a lord, who gave the tenant possession of the land in exchange for a good or service provided by the tenant. The various types of arrangements between the tenant and lord were called tenures. The most common tenures provided for military service, agricultural work, economic tribute, or religious duties in exchange for land.

Cross-references

Feudalism.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

tenure

n. 1) in real property, the right to possess the property. 2) in employment contracts, particularly of public employees like school teachers or professors, a guaranteed right to a job (barring substantial inability to perform or some wrongful act) once a probationary period has passed.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

tenure

the holding or occupying of property, especially realty, in return for services rendered, etc. See, for example FEUDAL SYSTEM.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

TENURE, estates. The manner in which lands or tenements are holden.
     2. According to the English law, all lands are held mediately or immediately from the king, as lord paramount and supreme proprietor of all the lands in the kingdom. Co. Litt. 1 b, 65 a; 2 Bl. Com. 105.
     3. The idea of tenure; pervades, to a considerable degree, the law of real property in the several states; the title to land is essentially allodial, and every tenant in fee simple has an absolute and perfect title, yet in technical language, his estate is called an estate in fee simple, and the tenure free and common socage. 3 Kent, Com. 289, 290. In the states formed out of the North Western Territory, it seems that the doctrine of tenures is not in force, and that real estate is owned by an absolute and allodial title. This is owing to the wise provisions on this subject contained in the celebrated ordinance of 1787. Am. Jur. No. 21, p. 94, 5. In New York, 1 Rev. St. 718; Pennsylvania, 5 Rawle, R. 112; Connecticut, 1 Rev. L. 348 and Michigan, Mich. L. 393, feudal tenures have been abolished, and lands are held by allodial titles. South Carolina has adopted the statute, 12 C. II., c. 24, which established in England the tenure of free and common socage. 1 Brev. Dig. 136. Vide Wright on Tenures; Bro. h.t.; Treatises of Feuds and Tenures by Knight's service; 20 Vin Ab. 201; Com. Dig. h.t.; Bac. Ab. h. Thom. Co. Litt. Index, h.t.; Sulliv. Lect. Index, h.t.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Boundary Setting Two participants indicated that the goal of attaining perfection in work and life roles while on the tenure track with young children led to setting oneself up for failure and disappointment.
Second, this model assumes that a substantial number of positions will remain on the tenure track so that the academic freedom of the school will be protected.
Although these realities seriously compromise the ability of faculty off the tenure track to work effectively, the impact of this exploitation extends beyond these immediate circumstances.
The increase in the number of full-time faculty members not on the tenure track has been accompanied by an increase in the number of part-time faculty (also usually not on the tenure track).
The Department of Computing & Information Sciences at Kansas State University invites applications for a tenure track position beginning in September 1994.
A business professional without an extensive research record will find it difficult to obtain a tenure track position at one of these institutions.
Beyond the Tenure Track, a New Brunswick-based provider of career education, networking, and training services for graduate and Ph.D.
THE tenure track system (TTS) in vogue in developed countries was introduced in Pakistan to bring our universities up to international standards.
The meeting also approved the implantation of Tenure Track System in the university and also approved the recommendations of the Promotion Committee of Model School.
A study of 50 economics departments at colleges nationwide found that policies that allow professors to take time off the tenure track for a year to have children increased the chances of men receiving tenure by 19 percent.