Territorial Courts

Territorial Courts

Federal tribunals that serve as both federal and state courts in possessions of the United States—such as Guam and the Virgin Islands—that are not within the limits of any state but are organized with separate legislatures and executive and judicial officers appointed by the president.

Territorial courts are legislative courts created by Congress pursuant to its constitutional power under Article I, Section 8, Clause 9, to create tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court. They are not constitutional courts created by Article III of the Constitution. Congress vests territorial courts with jurisdiction comparable to that exercised by federal district courts. Congress can, however, impose restrictions and duties on territorial courts that cannot be imposed on federal district courts, such as limiting the tenure of the members of the bench. Once a territory is admitted to the Union as a state, the jurisdiction of its territorial court is extinguished. Pending cases are transferred to the appropriate tribunals according to the nature of the particular action.

The Supreme Court reviews decisions rendered by territorial courts if they satisfy certain requirements.

TERRITORIAL COURTS. The courts established in the territories of the United States. Vide Courts of the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
For the Ntc, Trade Registry Offices Besides Territorial Courts and Regional Offices In: Dej and Turda, Cluj County, Toplita Harghita County, Dreams Up and Sighetul Marmatiei in Maramures County
courts; and there was no Supreme Court appellate review in criminal cases coming out of territorial courts.
13, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ --Bloomberg BNA has published BNA's Directory of State and Federal Courts, Judges, and Clerks, 2013 Edition, containing updated contact information for the nation's judges and clerks with extensive details on the structure of federal, state, and territorial courts.
He also stressed that although government provides the resources, the newer process is independent and is supervised by the nine provincial and territorial courts whose approval had been required by the agreement.
Congress created "tribunals" of land commissioners to deal with the smaller claims, up to a specified maximum, and referred larger claims to federal territorial courts in Florida for disposition by territorial judges subject to appeal and final review by the U.
Ottawa -- On March 8, 2007 nine provincial and territorial courts approved a revised Indian Residential Schools Settlement.
Phillips said the notice program that will start, once all nine provincial and territorial courts have officially approved the final version of the compensation agreement, will be the biggest ever.
He describes what happened to the defendants and how they fared in Arizona's territorial courts and to a lesser extent in the US Supreme Court.
html, has a different function: The Supreme Court of Canada hears appeals from the court of last resort, usually the provincial or territorial courts of appeal, and the Federal Court of Appeal.
Procurement the Object of the Framework Agreement Is Represented Maintenance Services and Maintenance for Kodak I260 Scanners + 38 Flatbad Kodak I620 Scanners and 9 at the Headquarters of the National Trade Register Office and the Trade Register Offices Premises Besides Territorial Courts in Each County Seat.
BNA's Directory of State and Federal Courts, Judges, and Clerks, 2011 Edition is an invaluable reference providing current and complete contact information on the nation's judges and clerks, as well as comprehensive details on the structure of federal, state, and territorial courts.

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