Admiralty

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admiralty

n. concerning activities which occur at sea, including on small boats and ships innavigable bays. Admiralty law (maritime law) includes accidents and injuries at sea, maritime contracts and commerce, alleged violations of rules of the sea over shipping lanes and rights-of-way, and mutiny and other crimes on shipboard. Jurisdiction over all these matters rests in the Federal Courts, which do not use juries in admiralty cases. There are other special rules in processing maritime cases, which are often handled by admiralty law specialists. Lawyers appearing in admiralty cases are called "proctors." (See: maritime law)

ADMIRALTY. The name of a jurisdiction which takes cognizance of suits or actions which arise in consequence of acts done upon or relating to the sea; or, in other words, of all transactions and proceedings relative to commerce and navigation, and to damages or injuries upon the sea. 2 Gall. R. 468. In the great maritime nations of Europe, the term "admiralty jurisdiction," is, uniformly applied to courts exercising jurisdiction over maritime contracts and concerns. It is as familiarly known among the jurists of Scotland, France, Holland and Spain, as of England, and applied to their own courts, possessing substantially the same jurisdiction as the English Admiralty had in the reign of Edward III. Ibid., and the authorities there cited; and see, also, Bac. Ab. Court of Admiralty; Merl. Repert. h.t. Encyclopedie, h.t.; 1 Dall. 323.
     2. The Constitution of the United States has delegated to the courts of the national government cognizance "of all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;" and the act of September 24, 1789, ch. 20 s. 9, has given the district court" cognizance of all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction," including all seizures under laws of imposts, navigation or trade of the United States, where the seizures are made on waters navigable from the sea, by vessels of ten or more tons burden, within their respective districts, as well as upon the high seas.
     3. It is not within the plan of this work to enlarge upon this subject.

References in periodicals archive ?
The starting point is the Admiralty's relations with London's private map producers.
He was even able to persuade the Admiralty to mount not one, but three attempts at a Northwest Passage: James Cook's attempt via Bering Strait (1778) and Richard Pickersgill's (1776) and Walter Young's (1777) attempts via Baffin Bay.
(15) Admiralty jurisdiction in the United States, for example, would cover "all maritime contracts, torts, and injuries," (16) while in England, many such cases were decided by the common law courts instead of the admiralty courts.
And the Admiralty, which provoked the most sustained burst of correspondence from Lady Franklin, responded as well, sending out yet more expeditions, although not so many as she would have liked.
Captain Charlton, who commanded the commodore ship of the ill-fated convoy, SS River Afton, said, when he broke his 28 year silence in 1970: "I could have saved that convoy if I had turned a blind eye to the Admiralty signal to scatter the ships."
WELCOME: King''s Academy student Shane Woodhouse makes biscuits with Danil Shramuk, above left, and Maxine Reid, left, and Jill Stewart, second left, from Admiralty ecology park help the kids with their catches GO GREEN: Visiting children from Chernobyl, left and below, on a trip to the Admiralty ecology park for an open air activity day including pond dipping with the overall aim of helping improve their health Pictures by DOUG MOODY
(3) First, is the admiralty jurisdiction strictly necessary?
When Nelson defeated the French and Spaniards at Trafalgar in 1805, the Admiralty became a power unto itself.
However, Churchill has a far from flawless CV, and other than turning his guns on his own people if they dared to go on strike and being one of the driving forces behind the brutal Black and Tans in Ireland, he had an ill-fated spell as First Lord of the Admiralty during WWI.
The Admiralty Bank branches to be acquired by RBC Bank are listed in the Appendix.
Ironically, Albert Alexander, the British First Lord of the Admiralty, in a broadcast beamed to America, recalled that Jones' famous battle cry expressed exactly what England felt while fighting the Nazis during the Battle for Britain.
The importance of the admiralty judge in the United States precedes the adoption of the United States Constitution.

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