Code of Hammurabi

(redirected from The Code of Hammurabi)

Code of Hammurabi

The Code of Hammurabi was a comprehensive set of laws, considered by many scholars to be the oldest laws established; they were handed down four thousand years ago by King Hammurabi of Babylon. Although the Code of Hammurabi was essentially humanitarian in its intent and orientation, it contained the "eye for an eye" theory of punishment, which is a barbarian application of the concept of making the punishment fit the crime. The Code of Hammurabi recognized such modern concepts as that of corporate personality.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is unfortunate that we have not been able to do what the Code of Hammurabi 1792 B.C envisioned to protect the most vulnerable against the highest-placed oppressor.
Moreover, the Code of Hammurabi was among the first law codes to introduce the "presumption of innocence" doctrine.
Taleb shows that this idea is at least as old as the Code of Hammurabi, which declared that if a builder constructed a house that collapsed and killed the occupant, the builder should be put to death.
He is a student of sociology, dropping casual references to ancient temple sites and the Code of Hammurabi during a builders conference keynote, contextualizing them within the greater arch of human settlement.
Among specific topics are why the Eighth Amendment bans cruel and unusual punishment, juveniles and other crimes: whether they are a guide to future cases, gender and capital punishment, Chief Justice William H., Rehnquist (1924-2005), the Code of Hammurabi (1780 BCE), and the 2012 United Nations Resolution on the Use of the Death Penalty.
The initial shipment in 1901 was of unique importance, containing the Code of Hammurabi, the victory stele of Naram-Sin and Elamite antiquities such as a large bronze table displaying the unique skill of the Elamite met alworkers of the time.
From among reference works ranging from The Code of Hammurabi to Pliny's Natural History, from The Domesday Book to Dr.
The Code of Hammurabi, dating back to 1754 BC, contains specific legislation regulating surgeons and medical compensation.
The code of Hammurabi says, "An eye for an eye.'' The majority of Americans believe the death penalty fits this crime.
A very interesting example of such comparisons is the author's discussion of "an eye for an eye," where he shows that even according to the Code of Hammurabi this law was not understood literally (p.