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The association or banding together of two or more persons for the purpose of committing an act or furthering an enterprise that is forbidden by law, or that, though lawful in itself, becomes unlawful when made the object of the confederacy. More commonly called a conspiracy. The union of two or more independent states for the purpose of common safety or a furtherance of their mutual goals.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a combination of groups or individuals for unlawful purposes.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

CONFEDERACY, intern. law. An agreement between two or more states or nations, by which they unite for their mutual protection and good. This term is applied to such agreement between two independent nations, but it is used to signify the union of different states of the same nation, as the confederacy of the states.
     2. The original thirteen states, in 1781, adopted for their federal government the "Articles of confederation and perpetual union between the States," which continued in force until the present constitution of the United States went into full operation, on the 30th day of April, 1789, when president Washington was sworn into office. Vide 1 Story on the Const. B. 2, c. 3 and 4.

CONFEDERACY, crim. law. An agreement between two or more persons to do an unlawful act, or an act, which though not unlawful in itself, becomes so by the confederacy. The technical term usually employed to signify this offence, is conspiracy. (q.v.)

CONFEDERACY, equity pleading. The fourth part of a bill in chancery usually charges a confederacy; this is either general or special.
     2. The first is by alleging a general charge of confederacy between the defendants and other persons to injure or defraud the plaintiff. The common form of the charge is, that the defendants, combining and confederating together, to and with divers other persons as yet to the plaintiff unknown, but whose names, when discovered, he prays may be inserted in the bill, and they be made parties thereto, with proper and apt words to charge them with the premises, in order to injure and oppress the plaintiff in ti e premises, do absolutely refuse, &c. Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 40; Coop. Eq. Pl. 9 Story, Eq. Pl. Sec. 29; 1 Mont. Eq. Pl. 77; Barton, Suit in Eq. 33; Van Heyth. Eq. Drafts, 4.
     3. When it is intended to rely on a confederacy or combination as a ground of equitable jurisdiction, the confederacy must be specially charged to justify an assumption of jurisdiction. Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 41; Story, Eq. Pl. Sec. 30.
     4. A general allegation of confederacy is now considered as mere form. Story, Eq. Pl. Sec. 29; 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 4169.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Once Texas seceded and joined the Confederacy, Harrison's citizens cast aside their primary identity as Texans and, with unpredicted rapidity, willingly adopted a palpable Confederate nationalism.
Texas has more than 180 public symbols of the Confederacy. Explore them here.
Critique: An extraordinary work of meticulous research, "To the Bitter End: Appomattox, Bennett Place, and the Surrenders of the Confederacy" is a welcome and highly recommended addition to the growing library of Civil War literature by historian and Civil War expert Robert M.
To the women of the Confederacy "Whose pious ministrations to our wounded soldiers soothed the last hours of those who died far from the objects of their tenderest love, whose domestic labors contributed to supply the wants of our defenders in the field, whose zealous faith in our cause shone a guiding star undimmed by the darkest clouds of war, whose fortitude sustained them under all the privations to which they were subjected, whose floral tribute annually expresses their enduring love and reverence for our sacred dead, and whose patriotism will teach their children to emulate the deeds of our revolutionary sires."
Confederate Reckoning: Power and Politics in the Civil War South reveals the power and agency of women and slaves in the Confederacy in eight nuanced chapters that cover a wide array of ideas and events that have not received significant attention among Civil War historians.
Though Britain was officially neutral during the war Liverpool-based merchants, who had strong links to the Confederacy because of the cotton trade, also supplied them with arms and banking.
The award consists of a framed red wax seal made from the original Great Seal of the Confederacy and a cash prize.
He began penetrating the Confederacy by taking Forts Henry and Donelson on the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers before moving downstream to Shiloh in April 1862 for the war's first great blood-letting battle.
kidnapped for extraordinary rendition outside of the U.S....." As the well-known Copperhead and a leader of the pro-Confederacy "Peace Democrats," he was convicted of aiding the Confederacy in 1863 while campaigning for governor in Ohio.
He is a Cowboy, as I use that term, and represents the movement of the Confederacy from the East to the West."
My own family of Price had seven brothers who were descendants of Welsh forebears who fought for the Confederacy in various Alabama Regiments.
economics, and geographical differences, no one south of the Mason-Dixon Line ever imagined that the Confederacy could survive if slavery were ended.