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noun adversary, antagonist, arch rival, assailant, betrayer, foe, nemesis, opponent, opposer, rival, sworn opponent, the other side
See also: adversary, foe, rival

ENEMY, international law. By this term is understood the whole body of a nation at war with another. It also signifies a citizen or subject of such a nation, as when we say an alien enemy. In a still more extended sense, the word includes any of the subjects or citizens of a state in amity with the United States, who, have commenced, or have made preparations for commencing hostilities against the United States; and also the citizens or subjects of a state in amity with the United States, who are in the service of a state at war with them. Salk. 635; Bac. Ab. Treason, G.
     2. An enemy cannot, as a general rule, enter into any contract which can be enforced in the courts of law; but the rule is not without exceptions; as, for example, when a state permits expressly its own citizens to trade with the enemy; and perhaps a contract for necessaries, or for money to enable the individual to get home, might be enforced. 7 Pet. R. 586.
     3. An alien enemy cannot, in general, sue during the war, a citizen of the United States, either in the courts of, the United States, or those of the several states. 1 Kent, Com. 68; 15 John. R. 57 S. C. 16 John. R. 438. Vide Marsh. Ins. c. 2, s. 1; Park. Ins. Index. h.t.; Wesk. Ins. 197; Phil. Ins. Index. h.t.; Chit. Comm. Law, Index, h.t.; Chit. Law of Nations, Index, h.t.
     4. By the term enemy is also understood, a person who is desirous of doing injury to another. The Latins had two terms to signify these two classes of persons; the first, or the public enemy, they called hostis, and the latter, or the private enemy, inimicus.

References in periodicals archive ?
But if the Enemy Property Act sparks alarm among Chinese investors and hinders India's efforts to make itself a sound investment destination, all these other attempts would have been in vain.
We should be vigilant and not optimistic towards the enemy," he added.
Everyone decided that this would be the last line, beyond which the enemy will not be allowed to advance.
The bomb type also affects tactics the enemy will use to employ the bomb.
The enemy property could be divested only to the owner or his lawful heir.
It was apparent that the enemy had sidelined its massive movements through this area and had adapted by sending smaller al-Qaeda, Hiqqani Network and Taliban facilitators to gain momentum with small homegrown enemy elements already present in Afghanistan.
If you can supply stonemasons to build fortifications with unknown weak points and secret means of access or engineers to provide the enemy with defective designs, you can achieve long-term advantages.
lor the third day, the full violence of the enemy lire and tank attacks.
He continued to advance reaching the enemy position then engaged a second enemy position, a dug-in machine gun nest.
Junior enlisted airmen are in charge of the multimillion dollar radar attached to the bottom of the aircraft that zeros in on the enemy 100 to 200 miles away.
Others acknowledge the weakening of this criterion and simply shift all responsibility for this to the enemy.
One source picked up by the military said that the enemy was not in the valley but actually, Naylor writes, "living up on the ridgelines and coming into the villages to get supplies.

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