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ENEMY, international law. By this term is understood the whole body of a nation at war with another. It also signifies a citizen or subject of such a nation, as when we say an alien enemy. In a still more extended sense, the word includes any of the subjects or citizens of a state in amity with the United States, who, have commenced, or have made preparations for commencing hostilities against the United States; and also the citizens or subjects of a state in amity with the United States, who are in the service of a state at war with them. Salk. 635; Bac. Ab. Treason, G.
     2. An enemy cannot, as a general rule, enter into any contract which can be enforced in the courts of law; but the rule is not without exceptions; as, for example, when a state permits expressly its own citizens to trade with the enemy; and perhaps a contract for necessaries, or for money to enable the individual to get home, might be enforced. 7 Pet. R. 586.
     3. An alien enemy cannot, in general, sue during the war, a citizen of the United States, either in the courts of, the United States, or those of the several states. 1 Kent, Com. 68; 15 John. R. 57 S. C. 16 John. R. 438. Vide Marsh. Ins. c. 2, s. 1; Park. Ins. Index. h.t.; Wesk. Ins. 197; Phil. Ins. Index. h.t.; Chit. Comm. Law, Index, h.t.; Chit. Law of Nations, Index, h.t.
     4. By the term enemy is also understood, a person who is desirous of doing injury to another. The Latins had two terms to signify these two classes of persons; the first, or the public enemy, they called hostis, and the latter, or the private enemy, inimicus.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
"We kicked the enemy clear out of Korea but then, to satisfy the UN, we turned around and allowed them [the Communists] to come back and take over the North.
In fact, as far as I can tell from my research for Blood Rites: Origins and History of the Passions of War, there is no other war in human history in which the veterans caused more postwar deaths than the enemy did in wartime.
A group like "Public Enemy" captures much of the irony of the situation in its name alone: whose is "the enemy," in which public space, constructed by what media, under whose control?
He underlined the importance of vigilance and preparedness of Army units as a deterrence against the enemy threats, and assured the nation that his forces will defend the country's security and interests to the last drop of their blood.
Check your surroundings as you're a sitting duck as your focus is shifted on looking at the enemy's inventory.
of the enemy could not shake the resolve of the nation to end
Jessore falls to the enemy. All troops deployed ahead of us thus fell back.
The enemy to be feared most has the face of a friend.
ISLAMABAD -- Former president Gen (Retd) Pervez Musharraf has said Pakistan is in a state of war and the enemy has changed its war strategy, therefore, government should devise new strategy against the enemy.
bring me the blood of the enemy on your knife, my eyes run to you
If you want to delve into this issue, there is a book you can peruse upon returning from the holiday of Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice): "Inventing the Enemy" by Umberto Eco.

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