Truth

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TRUTH. The actual state of things.
     2. In contracts, the parties are bound to toll the truth in their dealings, and a deviation from it will generally avoid the contract; Newl. on Contr. 352-3; 2 Burr. 1011; 3 Campb. 285; and even concealment, or suppressio veri, will be considered fraudulent in the contract of insurance. 1 Marsh. on Ins. 464; Peake's N. P. C. 115; 3 Campb. 154, 506.
     3. In giving his testimony, a witness is required to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth; for the object in the examination of matters of fact, is to ascertain truth.
     4. When a defendant is sued civilly for slander or a libel, he may justify by giving the truth in evidence; but when a criminal prosecution is instituted by the commonwealth for a libel, he cannot generally justify by giving the truth in evidence.
     5. The constitutions of several of the United States have made special provisions in favor of giving the truth in evidence in prosecutions for libels, under particular circumstances. In the constitutions of Pennsylvania, Delaware, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, it is declared, that in publications for libels on men in respect to their public official conduct, the truth may be given in evidence, when the matter published was proper for public information. The constitution of New York declares, that in all prosecutions or indictments for libels, the truth may be given in evidence to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the matter charged as libelous, is true, and was published with good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be acquitted. By constitutional provision in Mississippi and Missouri, and by legislative enactment in New Jersey, Arkansas, Tennessee, Act of 1805, c. 6: and Vermont, Rev. Stat. tit. 11, c. 25, s. 68; the right to give the truth in evidence has been more extended; it applies to all prosecutions or indictments for libels, without any qualifications annexed in restraint of the privilege. Cooke on Def. 61.

References in periodicals archive ?
There can, of course, be histories of philosophical theories of truth; but that is obviously a different matter.
(2.) For a survey of philosophical theories of truth, see SUSAN HAACK, PHILOSOPHY OF LOGICS 86-134 (1978).
On the other, we find the problem of the Liar paradox and related problems in developing formal theories of truth. In recent years, much attention on the first side has focused on deflationism about truth, and its relation to the correspondence theory.
I assume that Dasenbrock would fully agree, but he nonetheless thinks that literary scholars are being led astray by a faulty commitment to the primary of group allegiances, just as, in his view, they are being led astray by faulty theories of truth, value, and meaning.
The thesis that truth is not a property is called by philosophers "deflationism," because it deflates truth from the honorific status accorded it by the other major theories of truth.
And it only pretends to arrive at "a theory of truth." What it really does is put theories of truth on hold, and replace them with a fort/da game for adults.
From here, Ross goes on to critique coherentism, pragmatism, and other theories of truth. Every one, he argues, falls short of providing a convincing account of truth because it stops short of explaining what it is that makes our beliefs true.
Putnam, for one, has also attempted to 'walk a fine line' between metaphysically realist correspondence theories of truth and mere Rortyan 'rhetoric'.
Using Hobbes's political works Elements of Law, De Cive and Leviathan and his work on natural philosophy De Corpore, Finn prefers to lead readers into a state of perplexity and force them to respond as he introduces them to both Hobbes and the activities of interpretation and enquiry, describes Hobbes's epistemology in terms of his theories of truth, his metaphysics in terms of the nature of the mind, his moral philosophy in terms of whether his laws of nature are prudential precepts or moral obligations, his political philosophy in terms of appropriate limitations, and his philosophy of religion, in terms of the existence of God.
theories of truth, versus those such as Devitt (18) and myself, (19) who
The substantive problems come if we limit ourselves to plausible minimalist theories of truth. Jackson, Oppy, and Smith (1994) have plausibly argued that we should distinguish a minimal conception of truth aptness from a minimal notion of truth.
Nor have recent proponents of epistemic theories of truth --Hilary Putnam, for instance-- fared much better.