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TRUTH. The actual state of things.
     2. In contracts, the parties are bound to toll the truth in their dealings, and a deviation from it will generally avoid the contract; Newl. on Contr. 352-3; 2 Burr. 1011; 3 Campb. 285; and even concealment, or suppressio veri, will be considered fraudulent in the contract of insurance. 1 Marsh. on Ins. 464; Peake's N. P. C. 115; 3 Campb. 154, 506.
     3. In giving his testimony, a witness is required to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth; for the object in the examination of matters of fact, is to ascertain truth.
     4. When a defendant is sued civilly for slander or a libel, he may justify by giving the truth in evidence; but when a criminal prosecution is instituted by the commonwealth for a libel, he cannot generally justify by giving the truth in evidence.
     5. The constitutions of several of the United States have made special provisions in favor of giving the truth in evidence in prosecutions for libels, under particular circumstances. In the constitutions of Pennsylvania, Delaware, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, it is declared, that in publications for libels on men in respect to their public official conduct, the truth may be given in evidence, when the matter published was proper for public information. The constitution of New York declares, that in all prosecutions or indictments for libels, the truth may be given in evidence to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the matter charged as libelous, is true, and was published with good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be acquitted. By constitutional provision in Mississippi and Missouri, and by legislative enactment in New Jersey, Arkansas, Tennessee, Act of 1805, c. 6: and Vermont, Rev. Stat. tit. 11, c. 25, s. 68; the right to give the truth in evidence has been more extended; it applies to all prosecutions or indictments for libels, without any qualifications annexed in restraint of the privilege. Cooke on Def. 61.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is appropriate only in a case when the notion of truth is used in the sense of the correspondence theory of truth. It is quite possible, though, that the work under discussion does not say anything about it clearly, that the author of the concept of informational scepticism relies on a certain version of the coherence theory of truth.
Now let us revisit these myths in the context of the new changing world, and thus in the face of a new theory of truth.
The correspondence theory of truth is a realistic theory as it makes the distinction between a theory and the facts, which the theory describes; and it makes it possible to say that a theory is true, or false.
What is at issue is whether discarding a correspondence theory of truth brings us closer to or further from the goal of producing the best decisions humans are capable of making.
(13 For him, the residual and timeless theory of truth that is distilled out of experience is, "in economic terms," "the profit that remains after deducting all the costs of production" (25).
For Clark, such a statement is typical of the historians' stubborn attachment to an obsolete theory of truth; it is also typical of their manner of simply dismissing the positions they view as adverse, without bothering to genuinely engage with them.
Also, it is based on a distinctly American theory of truth that falsity is protected as a means to discover truth, and `truth is a process, not a product.'
While Aristotle's definition of truth in his Categoriae is basically a correspondence theory of truth (a sentence is true if its content can be matched to the facts of the world), it was only Wittgenstein, who formulated this in the well-known sentence 4.024: "to understand a proposition means to know what is the case if it is true" (p.
65-66); it simply does not follow from the claim that there is no substantive theory of truth that the truth itself has no value.
59-65) for a discussion of the correspondence theory of truth.
doubting that the correspondence theory of truth can be used to give the