community

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community

noun body, body politic, borough, city, civilization, civitas, commonalty, commonwealth, commune, group, inhabitants, kinship, locality, municipality, neighborhood, partnership, people, polity, populace, society, town
Associated concepts: community estate, community interrst, community of right or interest, community property
See also: association, body, civic, coalition, collection, constituency, contact, denomination, joint, open, organization, populace, population, public, society, sodality

COMMUNITY. This word has several meanings; when used in common parlance it signifies the body of the people.
     2. In the civil law, by community is understood corporations, or bodies politic. Dig. 3, 4.
     3. In the French law, which has been adopted in this respect in Louisiana, Civ. Code, art. 2371, community is a species of partnership, which a man and woman contract when they are lawfully married to each other. It consists of the profits of all, the effects of which the husband has the administration and enjoyment, either of right or in fact; of the produce of the reciprocal industry and labor of both husband and wife, and of the estates which they may acquire during the marriage, either by donations made jointly to them, or by purchase, or in any other similar way, even although the purchase he made in the name of one of the two, and not of both; because in that case the period of time when the purchase is made is alone attended to, and not the person who made the purchase. 10 L. R. 146; Id. 172, 181; 1 N. S. 325; 4 N. S. 212. The debts contracted during the marriage enter into the community, and must be acquitted out of the common fund; but not the debts contracted before the marriage.
     4. The community is either, first, conventional, or that which is formed by an express agreement in the contract of marriage itself; by this contract the legal community may be modified, as to the proportions which each shall take, or as to the things which shall compose it; Civ. Code of L. art. 2393; second, legal, which takes place when the parties make no agreement on this subject in the contract of marriage; when it is regulated by the law of the domicil they had at the time of marriage.
     5. The effects which compose the community of gains, are divided into two equal portions between the heirs, at the dissolution of the marriage. Civ. Code of L. art. 2375. See Poth. h.t.; Toull. h.t.; Civ. Code of Lo. tit. 6, c. 2, s. 4.
     6. In another sense, community is the right which all men have, according to the laws of nature, to use all things. Wolff, Inst. Sec. 186.

References in periodicals archive ?
An evaluation of a maximum security therapeutic community for psychopaths and other mentally disordered offenders.
The Second Chance Demonstration Project thus heralds the continuation of a new trend toward addressing recidivism, a shift from the 'nothing works' to a more optimistic view of rehabilitating criminal behaviors, which includes at its core the functioning of the Therapeutic Community.
Since 1995, Tapestry's Five Day Immersion Training provides a unique opportunity to experience the therapeutic community process through participation rather than observation.
This assumption is based upon the premise that the written material currently in use within the therapeutic community rehabilitation program follows the reading level pattern of other self-help materials and the inmate reading levels coincide with national statistics.
The treatment program comprises three therapeutic phases: reception, residential therapeutic community, and reinsertion.
In the group and in the therapeutic community other patients are also encountered and they must be related to as well.
Motivation for treatment in a prison-based therapeutic community.
We hypothesized that therapeutic community participants would report the most severe histories of cocaine use, and consequently greater levels of cocaine cravings.
Therapeutic community principles provide a framework to create and maintain a living and learning environment conducive to the health and healing of students, guide clinical practice, and inform the development of policies and procedures that support a collaborative university response to intervene when students self-injure.
The model drew from Barkan's experience with therapeutic community drug programs and included elements of a mental health plan he had designed to combat an epidemic of depression among pipeline workers and their families in Anchorage, Ala.
Founded in 1996, Project Assist is an eight-bed, modified therapeutic community for chemically dependent homeless women with HIV/AIDS.
Professor David Wilson, course director of the MA in Criminal Justice Policy and Practice at UCE, said: 'HMP Grendon is the only prison in Europe that operates wholly as a therapeutic community.

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