Distribution of various Ixodid tick species and risk factors associated with tick infestation
and burden levels were studied in bovine from three distinct temporal zones of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.
Although Texas ranchers follow eradication program guidelines and treat their cattle, infested wildlife can keep a cattle fever tick infestation
going, Guerrero says.
Economic losses are lower per animal on large farms, except in the case of tick infestations
Control of tick infestations
in cattle vaccinated with bacterial membranes containing surface-exposed tick protective antigens.
India accounts for a significant share of the world's livestock resources with approximately 199 million cattle and 105 million buffaloes (6), most of which are suffering from multi-species tick infestations
(7) with an estimated control cost of US$ 498.
Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the perceptions and knowledge of farmers' livelihoods and cattle adaptation to heat stress and tick infestation
According to the WHO's public health advice, in order to reduce the risk of tick-to-human transmission, people should wear protective clothing (long sleeves, long trousers); wear light coloured clothing to allow easy detection of ticks on the clothes; use approved acaricides (chemicals intended to kill ticks) on clothing; use approved repellent on the skin and clothing; regularly examine clothing and skin for ticks; if found, remove them safely; seek to eliminate or control tick infestations
on animals or in stables and barns; and avoid areas where ticks are abundant and seasons when they are most active.
Berg (1975) observed high calf mortality in northwestern Minnesota when calves died after 2 days of -30[degrees]C temperatures and winds of 130 km/h; all dead calves had severe tick infestations
A side issue, yet to be verified, is an increase in tick infestations
as sheep lose immunity, with some experts also casting doubt on the value of prophylactic treatments.
Currently, it is used in form of collars to prevent tick infestations
, as lotions to treat demodicosis, and as spot-on solutions in combination with other drugs (metaflumizone or fipronil) to treat and prevent flea and tick infestations
(Prullage et al.
A survey was conducted to evaluate the current precipitation of cattle tick infestations
in the livestock progressive districts of Punjab including Sargodha, Khushab and Rawalpindi.
were also more prevalent, with a 6 percent rate of increase over the past five years.