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Those who have visited the Western Desert or are familiar with Western Desert tjukurrpa will recognise the warnapa, or feather-foot men, and relate to the chapter on 'Aboriginal nights' capturing the fear of the oppressive dark of desert nights permeated by mamu or nyirurru (devils, evil spirits or ghosts).
say Tjukurrpa Wati yirna pirni-ya ngurra ngaangka man old many-they place this-in palunyaku ninti purlkanya nyinarra.
Leur resistance se traduit par un refus de s'approprier une structure politique qui se situe en contradiction avec les formes d' autorite et de pouvoir de ces societes dites egalitaires et oo l'autorite et le pouvoir sont etroitement lies a la sphere rituelle et sont generalement conferes par le biais d'une complicite etroite avec l'ordre ancestral, le Tjukurrpa (Poirier 2001).
Myers, Hamilton, Tonkinson, Wild (not referenced) and recently Dussart amongst others, have dwelt extensively in this area of 'tradition' as creative agency where the apparently fixed structure of Tjukurrpa defies a unidirectional chronological history.
Poirier finds that it is in mythic dreams - the Tjukurrpa - and in their interpretation, that the Western Desert Aborigines residing at Balgo Hills negotiate their history and their myth.
Les six chapitres qui suivent explorent trois themes ou niveaux principaux entrelaces entre le nomadisme et l'imaginaire: Tjukurrpa, ou l'ordre mythique des actes fondateurs et des voyages ancestraux, Kapukurri, le reve, ordre mental et spirituel, et finalement le monde du vecu ordinaire (etat de veille) des membres des groupes locaux, essentiel a la validation de la connaissance.
Tjukurrpa, 'dream', decision-making, grouping, nomadic life, and kinship systems combine to allow a space-in-between, a time interplayed by events and eternity.
They also revealed a close connection between healing powers, tjukurrpa (Dreaming) and ngurra (land), the power of the hand to touch and heal, and a strong conviction that their 'ownership' of healing gifts was given to them to be used 'for others'.
However, over the last several years in the Luritja region, it seems that the significance of father's country and affiliation to Tjukurrpa (Dreamings) through the company relationship has firmed up perceptions of rights to country and traditional ownership.
He finds that Wilkinkarra is central to the tjukurrpa (Dreaming) narratives of the Pintupi and Kukatja, that there is a predominance of similarities across dialect groups in these histories, and that they can provide an overview of the origins of the lake, ones involving powerful Dreaming beings (and sexual jealousy) and country devastated by fire-storm.
Abstract: Wilkinkarra (Lake Mackay), a huge salt lake in the Western Desert region of Australia, features extensively in the tjukurrpa (Dreaming) narratives of the Pintupi and Kukatja.