Truth

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TRUTH. The actual state of things.
     2. In contracts, the parties are bound to toll the truth in their dealings, and a deviation from it will generally avoid the contract; Newl. on Contr. 352-3; 2 Burr. 1011; 3 Campb. 285; and even concealment, or suppressio veri, will be considered fraudulent in the contract of insurance. 1 Marsh. on Ins. 464; Peake's N. P. C. 115; 3 Campb. 154, 506.
     3. In giving his testimony, a witness is required to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth; for the object in the examination of matters of fact, is to ascertain truth.
     4. When a defendant is sued civilly for slander or a libel, he may justify by giving the truth in evidence; but when a criminal prosecution is instituted by the commonwealth for a libel, he cannot generally justify by giving the truth in evidence.
     5. The constitutions of several of the United States have made special provisions in favor of giving the truth in evidence in prosecutions for libels, under particular circumstances. In the constitutions of Pennsylvania, Delaware, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois, it is declared, that in publications for libels on men in respect to their public official conduct, the truth may be given in evidence, when the matter published was proper for public information. The constitution of New York declares, that in all prosecutions or indictments for libels, the truth may be given in evidence to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the matter charged as libelous, is true, and was published with good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be acquitted. By constitutional provision in Mississippi and Missouri, and by legislative enactment in New Jersey, Arkansas, Tennessee, Act of 1805, c. 6: and Vermont, Rev. Stat. tit. 11, c. 25, s. 68; the right to give the truth in evidence has been more extended; it applies to all prosecutions or indictments for libels, without any qualifications annexed in restraint of the privilege. Cooke on Def. 61.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
'We're learning, for example, that Tariq Aziz still doesn't know how to tell the truth,' Mr Bush said.
Alongside special needs like teenage pregnancy and bereavement is the inability to tell the truth.
Themes convince subjects to tell the truth, regardless of the consequences.
Finally, as subjects begin to succumb to the interrogation but still need slightly more inducement to tell the truth, officers can present alternative or closing questions.
By employing the feather instead of the sledgehammer approach, the investigator maintained the necessary sincerity to persuade Brad to tell the truth. The investigator's magic words and effective style of delivery led to a confession.
The privilege proceeded primarily from the objection to the moral compulsion associated with the oath and the dilemma it created for people of conscience either to lie under oath or to tell the truth and thereby risk conviction for offenses they believed the state was without power to punish.
"I simply felt it was the right time to tell the truth.
But it is an intriguing irony that a government which has turned presentation into a black art form should lose two big-hitters because they were so skilled at two of the politicians' essential talents - one with his ability to lie, the other with her determination to tell the truth.
Seventy-two per cent of people believe politicians cannot be trusted to tell the truth and seven out of 10 believe Ministers are prone to lying.
Are you going to tell the truth, Det McCarrick asked.
She said: 'I don't believe that the people of Cheltenham would wish for me to do anything other than to tell the truth and to stand up for my principles, no matter what the cost.'