road

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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
Senator John Cornyn (R-TX) and Senator Tim Kaine (D-VA) introduced the Revitalizing American Priorities for Infrastructure Development (RAPID) Act, which would encourage greater participation in the Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (TIFIA) program by expediting projects meeting certain specifications and ensure Congress, applicants, and the public are well-informed about projects seeking funding.
And with transportation infrastructure investment not getting the attention necessary to prepare for future population growth and freight demand, Dorsey said the timing of this report is intended to put the spotlight on the issue now as lawmakers begin to debate for a new six-year surface transportation authorization bill.
Maintaining our transportation infrastructure is crucial to economic growth in Wisconsin.
Many in logistics and transportation were happy to see that transportation infrastructure development figures significantly into the bill as a way to stimulate economic growth and job creation.
The University of Maine is partnering with the University of Rhode Island, University of Connecticut, University of Massachussets Lowell, University of Rhode Island, and Western New England University to create the Transportation Infrastructure Durability Center.
Strategic investments in transportation infrastructure help stimulate the economy and create jobs for New Brunswickers, said Premier Brian Gallant.
Anthony Coscia, of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, will address the complexities and interdependencies of the region's transportation infrastructure and its effect on real estate.
Light rail operations on this stretch will need to be regulated by a Specific Operational Contract between the City of Sorocaba, the National Department of Transportation Infrastructure (DNIT), Rumo and the Brazils National Land Transport Agency (ANTT).
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Without sufficient and reliable transportation infrastructure in the Port areas, the New Jersey economy stands to lose thousands of current and future jobs as carriers choose alternate ports for their import business.
The funding, from the Federal Emergency Management Agency, strengthens critical efforts already underway between local, state and federal law enforcement agencies to protect transportation infrastructure from terrorism.

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