References in periodicals archive ?
'The Ming Dynasty appears to be their model, albeit in a more muscular manner, demanding other nations become tribute states, kowtowing to Beijing,' Mattis told the U.S.
Chapter 7 focuses on the nineteenth-century encounters between the East Asian states and the West, addressing the impact of Western encounters with China (loss of tribute states to foreign powers, the Opium Wars and loss of territorial control, domestic rebellions, and late Qing reform efforts).