conservation initiatives, travel expenses of the U.S. Commissioners, and
U.S. Commissioners to the Pacific Salmon Commission.
The unelected IJC, which includes three U.S. commissioners appointed by President Obama and three Canadian commissioners appointed by Prime Minister Stephen Harper's government, has regulated Lake Ontario's water levels since the 1950s.
The U.S. commissioners include Pollock, who was a professor at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government and lives in Ann Arbor, Mich., Glance, who has a bachelor's degree in political theory and constitutional democracy, and Rich Moy, who hails from Helena, Mont., and has a background in animal ecology.
The U.S. commissioners
were appointed by President Bush, with congressional input, and were drawn from academia, industry, the military, and public life.
(31) Inverting Commissioner Miller's metaphor that the tree of the Six Nations was rotting under their guidance, Sagoyewatha held both the wampum (the Indian symbol of emphasis) and the rolled treaty to show that it was the national honor of the United States that was in decay, a point on which several generations of U.S. commissioners, as well as George Washington, had laid claim.
(20.) For Haudenosaunee education of the U.S. commissioners in the 1790s, see Densmore, Red Jacket, and Edward Hake Phillips, "Timothy Pickering at His Best: Indian Commissioner, 1790-1794," Essex Institute Historical Collections 102 (July 1966): 185-92.
The U.S. commissioner was Morris Smith Miller, an Oneida County judge and former member of the House of Representatives.